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Bevacizumab (Avastin™, Genentech) is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a critical angiogenic factor involved in both physiological and pathological conditions. It has been recently approved by the US FDA as a first-line therapy for widespread metastatic colorectal cancer. This report is a detailed(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Currently, the relationship between pathogenic molecular drivers of disease in RA and therapeutic response is poorly understood. METHODS We analyzed synovial tissue samples from two RA cohorts of 49 and 20 patients using a combination of global gene(More)
The Fc (crystallizable fragment) region of therapeutic antibodies can have an important role in their safety and efficacy. Although much is known about the structure-activity relationship of antibodies and the factors that influence Fc effector functions, a process has not yet been defined to clearly delineate how Fc functionality should be assessed and(More)
BAFF (also known as BLyS), a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, plays a critical role in the maturation and development of B cells. BAFF has three receptors on B cells, the most crucial of which is BR3. In this study, we demonstrate the biological outcome of BAFF blockade in cynomolgus monkeys using a soluble fusion protein consisting of human(More)
The presence or absence of core fucose in the Fc region N-linked glycans of antibodies affects their binding affinity toward FcγRIIIa as well as their antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity. However, the quantitative nature of this structure-function relationship remains unclear. In this study, the in vitro biological activity of an(More)
The administration of biological therapeutics may result in the development of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) in treated subjects. In some cases, ADA responses may result in the loss of therapeutic efficacy due to the formation of neutralizing ADAs (NAbs). An important characteristic of anti-drug NAbs is their direct inhibitory effect on the pharmacological(More)
To interpret pharmacokinetic (PK) data of biotherapeutics, it is critical to understand which drug species is being measured by the PK assay. For therapeutic antibodies, it is generally accepted that "free" circulating antibodies are the pharmacologically active form needed to determine the PK/pharmacodynamic (PD) relationship, safety margin calculations,(More)
B cell-activating factor receptor 3 (BR3)-Fc is an IgG1-receptor dimeric fusion protein that has multiple O-linked glycosylation sites and sialylation levels that can vary in the manufacturing process. Increased sialic acid levels resulted from increased site occupancy with the O-linked N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc-Gal), but because the ratio of sialic(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system consists of two ligands (IGF-I and IGF-II), which both signal through IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) to stimulate proliferation and inhibit apoptosis, with activity contributing to malignant growth of many types of human cancers. We have developed a humanized, affinity-matured anti-human IGF-IR monoclonal antibody(More)
We developed a neutralizing antibody assay (NAb assay), based upon the complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activity of a monoclonal human IgG(1) therapeutic (IgT), to characterize anti-therapeutic antibodies (ATA) in autoimmune patient serum. Neutralizing antibodies (NAb) were measured by a decrease in the extent of CDC mediated by 50 ng/mL IgT, on a(More)