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For adoptive T-cell therapy to be effective against solid tumors, tumor-specific T cells must be able to migrate to the tumor site. One requirement for efficient migration is that the effector cells express chemokine receptors that match the chemokines produced either by tumor or tumor-associated cells. In this study, we investigated whether the tumor(More)
An effective immune response to antigen requires professional antigen-presenting cell (APC), which not only present antigen, but also provide costimulation and cytokines (eg, IL-12) that drive T cell differentiation down the appropriate effector pathway (Tc1/TH1). For T cell-based immunotherapy protocols, the availability of large numbers of autologous(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta is produced in most human tumors and markedly inhibits tumor antigen-specific cellular immunity, representing a major obstacle to the success of tumor immunotherapy. TGF-beta is produced in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma both by the tumor cells and by infiltrating T-regulatory(More)
Side-population (SP) analysis identifies precursor cells in normal and malignant tissues. Cells with this phenotype have increased resistance to many cytotoxic agents, and may represent a primary drug-resistant population in malignant diseases. To discover whether drug-resistant malignant SP cells are nonetheless sensitive to immune-mediated killing, we(More)
An optimized antigen-presenting cell for tumor immunotherapy should produce a robust antigen specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) response to tumor-associated antigens, which can persist in vivo and expand on antigen reencounter. Interleukin (IL)-21 synergizes with other gamma-chain cytokines to enhance the frequency and cytotoxicity of antigen-specific(More)
Side-population (SP) analysis has been used to identify progenitor cells from normal and malignant tissues as well as revealing tumor cells with increased resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. Despite enhanced chemoresistance, tumor SP cells may still express tumor-associated antigens (TAAs), which may render them susceptible to elimination by the(More)
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common malignancies and is associated with a dismal prognosis. Although treatment options have increased for some patients, overall progress has been modest. Thus, there is a great need to develop new treatments. We found that Baohuoside-I, a flavonoid extracted from a Chinese medicinal plant, exhibits anticancer(More)
We describe a method to measure in vivo migration of human T cells by using the near-infrared (NIR) dye IRDye800CW. Labeling of Epstein-Barr virus-specific T cells with IRDye800CW did not affect viability, proliferation, or T cell function. Following tail vein injection into mice bearing subcutaneous tumors, the NIR signal could be measured in vivo at the(More)
O1 IL-15 primes an mTOR-regulated gene-expression program to prolong anti-tumor capacity of human natural killer cells Andreas Lundqvist, Vincent van Hoef, Xiaonan Zhang, Erik Wennerberg, Julie Lorent, Kristina Witt, Laia Masvidal Sanz, Shuo Liang, Shannon Murray, Ola Larsson, Rolf Kiessling, Yumeng Mao Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Stockholms Lan,(More)
Anti-tumor efficacy of T cells engineered to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is dependent on their specificity, survival, and in vivo expansion following adoptive transfer. Toll-like receptor (TLR) and CD40 signaling in T cells can improve persistence and drive proliferation of antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells following pathogen challenge or(More)