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Copper is a naturally occurring trace metal with toxic properties for man and environment. It is assumed that toxicity is primarily caused by oxidative damage, generated through the production of reactive oxygen species. Copper is, however, also an essential element, which means trace amounts are necessary for biological processes to function properly.(More)
The last decade, the biological and biomedical scientific landscape has seen the increase in use and applications of "omics" technologies. These technologies provide methods that allow for a comprehensive description of nearly all components within the cell. Microalgae not only play an important ecological role, but are also of commercial importance and(More)
The effects of cadmium were assessed in the freshwater alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Algae were exposed to concentrations of 0, 8.1 or 114.8 μM of cadmium and growth rates, gene transcription and metabolite profiles were examined after 48 and 72 h of exposure. In algae exposed to 8.1 μM Cd, several genes were differentially transcribed after 48 h but no(More)
Effects of the herbicide paraquat were assessed on the green freshwater alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii using different endpoints of toxicity. Cell concentration and growth rate were monitored, whereas flow cytometry was applied to determine changes in chlorophyll content, viability and presence of reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, a transcriptomics(More)
The effects of copper exposure at five different concentrations on the freshwater alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were studied at the biochemical (metabolite), physiological (uptake kinetics and flow cytometry) and growth level. Changes at the physiological level were evident at the lowest exposure concentration while effects on the metabolome and on growth(More)
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