Learn More
Parallels between T cell kinetics in mice and men have fueled the idea that a young mouse is a good model system for a young human, and an old mouse, for an elderly human. By combining in vivo kinetic labeling using deuterated water, thymectomy experiments, analysis of T cell receptor excision circles and CD31 expression, and mathematical modeling, we have(More)
OBJECTIVE To construct a regression model for endogenous glucose production (EGP) as a function of age, and compare this with glucose supplementation using commonly used dextrose-based saline solutions at fluid maintenance rate in children. DESIGN A model was constructed based on EGP data, as quantified by [6,6-(2)H2] glucose dilution after fasting(More)
In mice, recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) make up a large part of the naïve T cell pool and have been suggested to be a distinct short-lived pool. In humans, however, the life span and number of RTEs are unknown. Although (2)H(2)O labeling in young mice showed high thymic-dependent daily naïve T cell production, long term up- and down-labeling with (2)H(2)O(More)
An analytical method is presented to determine glycerol concentrations and stable isotope tracer enrichments in human plasma after intravenous tracer infusion in a single analytical run, using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The method uses an internal standard, which is also a stable isotope labeled form of glycerol. Three substances were(More)
A major roadblock to the application of bioartificial livers is the need for a human liver cell line that displays a high and broad level of hepatic functionality. The human bipotent liver progenitor cell line HepaRG is a promising candidate in this respect, for its potential to differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Metabolism and synthesis of(More)
BACKGROUND Stunted children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have less net protein anabolism than do children without CF, and the result is retarded growth in the CF patients. It is not known whether protein intake above that recommended by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation would further stimulate whole-body protein synthesis. OBJECTIVE We studied the effects of 3(More)
Gluconeogenesis partially depends on sufficient precursor supply, and plasma alanine concentrations are generally low in preterm infants. Stimulation of gluconeogenesis may contribute to the prevention of hypoglycemia, an important clinical problem in these infants. In this study we evaluated the effect of extra precursor supply on gluconeogenesis in(More)
Free fatty acids (FFAs) are important not only because they provide substrate for oxidation but also because they have the potential to regulate several metabolic and hormonal processes. Using stable isotope tracers, these processes can be studied. Here we present a gas chromatographic method to measure FFA concentrations and enrichments after extraction(More)
Although accumulating evidence indicates that chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a disease with appreciable cell dynamics, it remains uncertain whether this also applies to patients with stable disease. In this study, (2)H(2)O was administered to a clinically homogeneous cohort of nine stable, untreated CLL patients. CLL dynamics in blood and bone marrow(More)
The ketone bodies (KBs) D-3-hydroxybutyrate (D-3HB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) play a role in starvation and have been associated with insulin resistance. The dose-response relationship between insulin and KBs was demonstrated to be shifted to the right in type 2 diabetes patients. However, KB levels have also been reported to be decreased in obesity. We(More)