An F. C. Ruiter

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In mice, recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) make up a large part of the naïve T cell pool and have been suggested to be a distinct short-lived pool. In humans, however, the life span and number of RTEs are unknown. Although (2)H(2)O labeling in young mice showed high thymic-dependent daily naïve T cell production, long term up- and down-labeling with (2)H(2)O(More)
Parallels between T cell kinetics in mice and men have fueled the idea that a young mouse is a good model system for a young human, and an old mouse, for an elderly human. By combining in vivo kinetic labeling using deuterated water, thymectomy experiments, analysis of T cell receptor excision circles and CD31 expression, and mathematical modeling, we have(More)
Diet composition and energy content modulate free fatty acid (FFA) release. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dose-response effects of euenergetic variations in dietary carbohydrate and fat content on postabsorptive FFA release. The rate of appearance (Ra) of palmitate was measured by infusion of [2,2-2H2]palmitate after an overnight fast in six(More)
BACKGROUND Stunted children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have less net protein anabolism than do children without CF, and the result is retarded growth in the CF patients. It is not known whether protein intake above that recommended by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation would further stimulate whole-body protein synthesis. OBJECTIVE We studied the effects of 3(More)
OBJECTIVE To construct a regression model for endogenous glucose production (EGP) as a function of age, and compare this with glucose supplementation using commonly used dextrose-based saline solutions at fluid maintenance rate in children. DESIGN A model was constructed based on EGP data, as quantified by [6,6-(2)H2] glucose dilution after fasting(More)
Although accumulating evidence indicates that chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a disease with appreciable cell dynamics, it remains uncertain whether this also applies to patients with stable disease. In this study, (2)H(2)O was administered to a clinically homogeneous cohort of nine stable, untreated CLL patients. CLL dynamics in blood and bone marrow(More)
In preterm infants low plasma glucose concentrations are frequently observed. We hypothesized that the infants' ability to adapt endogenous glucose production to diminishing exogenous supply is disturbed, but will improve with increasing gestational age. Glucose production rate and gluconeogenesis were measured using stable isotope techniques with(More)
An analytical method is presented to determine glycerol concentrations and stable isotope tracer enrichments in human plasma after intravenous tracer infusion in a single analytical run, using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The method uses an internal standard, which is also a stable isotope labeled form of glycerol. Three substances were(More)
A major roadblock to the application of bioartificial livers is the need for a human liver cell line that displays a high and broad level of hepatic functionality. The human bipotent liver progenitor cell line HepaRG is a promising candidate in this respect, for its potential to differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Metabolism and synthesis of(More)
Free fatty acids (FFAs) are important not only because they provide substrate for oxidation but also because they have the potential to regulate several metabolic and hormonal processes. Using stable isotope tracers, these processes can be studied. Here we present a gas chromatographic method to measure FFA concentrations and enrichments after extraction(More)