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Two large health care reference terminologies, SNOMED RT and Clinical Terms Version 3 , are in the process of being merged to form a comprehensive new work referred to as SNOMED Clinical Terms. The College of American Pathologists and the United Kingdom s National Health Service have entered into a collaborative agreement to develop this new work. Both(More)
SNOMED Clinical Terms is a comprehensive concept-based health care terminology that was created by merging SNOMED RT and Clinical Terms Version 3. Following the mapping of concepts and descriptions into a merged database, the terminology was further refined by adding new content, modeling the relationships of individual concepts, and reviewing the(More)
Treatment of schizophrenia with olanzapine and other atypical antipsychotic agents is associated with insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. The mechanism for this is not understood. Adiponectin is an insulin-sensitizing cytokine secreted by adipocytes. It is present in serum in multimers of varying size. Trimers and hexamers are referred to as low(More)
SNOMED RT and Clinical Terms Version 3 are two large, controlled medical terminologies that are being merged to form a new work titled SNOMED Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). One of the first steps in this process was to create maps between semantically equivalent and proximate concepts in the two terminologies. Same-as and is-a relationships were used to map(More)
In the United States and Europe, electronic health records (EHRs) allow information technology and decision-support to facilitate the activities of clinicians and are considered an important component of health care improvement. However, actual adoption of EHRs by physicians has been slow and the use of decision support has been minimal. Part of the(More)
With growing calls for changes in the field of risk assessment, improved systematic approaches for addressing environmental issues with greater transparency and stakeholder engagement are needed to ensure sustainable trade-offs. Here we describe the comprehensive environmental assessment (CEA) approach as a holistic way to manage complex information and to(More)
This is one of a series of statements discussing the use of GI endoscopy in common clinical situations. The Standards of Practice Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) prepared this text. In preparing this guideline, a search of the medical literature was performed by using PubMed from January 1980 through December 2013 by(More)
This is one of a series of statements discussing the use of GI endoscopy in common clinical situations. The Standards of Practice Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) prepared this text. In preparing this guideline, a search of the medical literature from January 1990 to February 2015 was performed by using PubMed.(More)
In this paper we investigate variation in the translation of three vague quantifiers, many, some and a few between English and Chinese. Studies of 'linguistic vagueness' (sometimes called 'language vagueness' in previous research) regard vagueness as a general phenomenon in language. In this type of study, vagueness is often discussed – but not limited – to(More)