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We have established a novel ascites tumour model (MDA435/LCC6) from the oestrogen receptor-negative, invasive and metastatic MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cell line. MDA435/LCC6 cells grow as both malignant ascites and solid tumours in vivo in nude mice and nude rats, with a tumour incidence of approximately 100%. Untreated mice develop ascites following(More)
The presence of N-linked carbohydrate at Asn58 in the VH of the antigen binding site of an antibody specific for alpha(1----6)dextran (TKC3.2.2) increases its affinity for dextran 10- to 50-fold. Site-directed mutagenesis has now been used to create novel carbohydrate addition sequences in the CDR2 of a non-glycosylated anti-dextran at Asn54 (TST2) and(More)
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules are glycosylated in CH2 at Asn297; the N-linked carbohydrates attached there have been shown to contribute to antibody (Ab) stability and various effector functions. The carbohydrate attached to the IgG constant region is a complex biantennary structure. Alterations in the structure of oligosaccharide have been associated(More)
The structure of the N-linked sugar chains attached to three IgG antibodies, identical in amino acid sequence except for the changes required to introduce the carbohydrate addition sites, has been determined. All three antibodies are specific for dextran but differ in their ability to bind antigen. The heavy chains with a murine variable region (V region)(More)
Pasteurella multocida is a major animal pathogen that causes a range of diseases including fowl cholera. P. multocida infections result in considerable losses to layer and breeder flocks in poultry industries worldwide. Both killed whole-cell and live-attenuated vaccines are available; these vaccines vary in their protective efficacy, particularly against(More)
Antibodies are able to both bind antigens and trigger the responses that eliminate them from circulation. All antibodies are glycosylated at conserved positions in their constant regions, and the presence of carbohydrate can be critical for antigen clearance functions such as complement activation. The structure of the attached carbohydrate can also affect(More)
We describe a phenotypically and functionally novel monocyte-derived dendritic cell (DC) subset, designated mDC2, that lacks IL-12 synthesis, produces high levels of IL-10, and directs differentiation of Th0/Th2 cells. Like conventional monocyte-derived DC, designated mDC1, mDC2 expressed high levels of CD11c, CD40, CD80, CD86, and MHC class II molecules.(More)
The complex biantennary oligosaccharide at Asn297 of IgG is essential for some effector functions. To investigate the effect of carbohydrate structure on Ab function, we have now expressed mouse-human chimeric IgG1 Abs in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells with defined defects in carbohydrate biosynthesis. We had previously shown that IgG1 Abs produced in(More)
Techniques of genetic engineering and expression have been applied to the production of antibodies in a variety of expression systems. Novel antibodies have been produced with a variety of modifications: as chimeric antibodies, as "humanized" antibodies, with catalytic groups, as bifunctional or fusion proteins, and as functional fragments such as Fabs or(More)
We have now produced mouse-human chimeric IgG1 in wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines Pro-5 as well as in the glycosylation mutants Lec 2, Lec 8, and Lec 1. Analysis of the attached carbohydrates shows those present on IgG1-Lec 1 were mannose terminated. Carbohydrate present on IgG1-Lec8 was uniformly biantennary terminating in(More)