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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) is the viral protein required for integration of the HIV-1 genome into host cell DNA. A series of clones expressing portions of IN as lambda cII fusion proteins has been constructed in an Escherichia coli expression system; a Southwestern procedure was used to examine binding of the expressed(More)
We have generated peptide antisera against selected regions in HIV-1 and HIV-2 reverse transcriptase (RT) and integrase (IN) to investigate the specificity of determinants governing the immune response. Peptides representing homologous regions (>50%) in the N- and C-termini and central portions of these proteins were synthesized and injected into rabbits.(More)
Recent advances in cancer biology have emerged important roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating tumor responses. However, their function in mediating intercellular communication within the tumor microenvironment is thus far poorly explored. Here, we found miR-206 to be abrogated in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) specimens and cell lines.(More)
The integrase (IN) protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) catalyzes site-specific cleavage of 2 bases from the viral long terminal repeat (LTR) sequence yet it binds DNA with little DNA sequence specificity. We have previously demonstrated that the C-terminal half of IN (amino acids 154-288) possesses a DNA binding domain. In order to(More)
Several classes of oligonucleotide antisense compounds of sequence complementary to the start of the mRNA coding sequence for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT), including methylphosphonate, alkyltriester, and phosphorothioate analogues of DNA, have been compared to "normal" phosphodiester oligonucleotides for their ability to inhibit expression of(More)
Construction of a herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) is described. BAC vector sequences were inserted into the thymidine kinase gene of HSV-2 by homologous recombination. DNA from cells infected with the resulting recombinant virus was transformed into E. coli, and colonies containing the HSV-2 BAC (HSV2-BAC) were isolated(More)
A segment of the gag gene of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HTLV-IIIB strain), the virus which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), has been cloned into the bacterial expression vector, pCQV2, and mapped to the right-hand portion of the gag gene containing the carboxyl-terminal portion of p24 and the amino-terminal portion of p15.(More)
Sequences encoding the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase gene have been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein is a lambda cII fusion protein of 37 kD containing the carboxyl-terminal 23 [corrected] amino acids of reverse transcriptase fused to the entire integrase sequence and is insoluble, a feature which(More)
Immune response to HIV infection is generally characterized by appearance of antibodies to the gag protein p24 early in infection, and by apparent loss of p24 antibodies accompanied by increases in p24 antigen levels with disease progression. Precise definition of the immunodominant epitopes present in gag gene proteins has potential clinical significance.(More)
Previously identified cis-acting regulatory elements of herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 late promoters include a TATA element upstream from the start of transcription, an initiator-like element at the start of transcription, and sequences downstream from the start of transcription. To determine whether these elements are functionally equivalent to similar(More)
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