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The pulmonary hypertensive response to chronic hypoxia varies markedly among mammalian species. An explanation for this variability was sought by exposing seven species to hypobaric hypoxia (PB equal to 435 mmHg) for 19-48 days. Control animals were studied at 1,600 m (PB equal to 630 mmHg). The pulmonary hypertension that developed varied in the following(More)
Previous studies have indicated that increased dietary salt consumption worsens postexercise pulmonary function in humans with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). It has been suggested that EIA and hyperpnea-induced airway obstruction (HIAO) in guinea pigs (an animal model of EIA) are mediated by similar mechanisms. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to(More)
In order to determine if a positive water balance would impair cardiovascular and ventilatory adjustments during acute altitude exposure, six healthy male subjects were exposed to 4570 m for 2 h with and without water loading. No significant differences in any of the measured variables were observed between normal and overhydrated subjects. In order to(More)
Some human newborns have a syndrome characterized by irreversible pulmonary hypertension and severe hypoxemia and by medial hypertrophy and adventitial thickening of pulmonary arteries. We considered that newborn calves made severely hypoxic might reproduce features of the human disease. When 2-day-old calves were placed at 4,300 m simulated altitude,(More)
Studies of the cardiovascular response to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) in men and women have suggested that women may have less tolerance to LBNP than men, although tolerance per se was not determined. To investigate the effect of gender on tolerance to LBNP, 10 men 10 women were subjected to increasing levels of LBNP until presyncopal symptoms(More)
Coumarin antibiotics, such as clorobiocin, novobiocin, and coumermycin A1, inhibit the supercoiling activity of gyrase by binding to the gyrase B (GyrB) subunit. Previous crystallographic studies of a 24-kDa N-terminal domain of GyrB from E. coli complexed with novobiocin and a cyclothialidine analogue have shown that both ligands act by binding at the(More)
Persons with acute altitude sickness hypoventilate at high altitude compared with persons without symptoms. We hypothesized that their hypoventilation was due to low initial hypoxic ventilatory responsiveness, combined with subsequent blunting of ventilation by hypocapnia and/or prolonged hypoxia. To test this hypothesis, we compared eight subjects with(More)
Effect of cold-induced changes in respiratory pattern on pulmonary particle deposition was investigated in 10 male Holstein calves between the ages of 1 and 3 months. Deposition of intranasally instilled fluorescence-enhanced Pasteurella haemolytica was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) for cold-exposed calves and appears to be caused by the(More)
Fawn hooded rats (FHR), a strain of rat with a hereditary bleeding tendency due to a genetic defect in platelet aggregation, have recently been found to develop pulmonary hypertension. However, whether the pulmonary hypertension in FHR has a genetic basis or simply reflects the influence of extrinsic factors known to increase pulmonary artery pressure in(More)