Amy Stapleton

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BACKGROUND Few published studies have combined clinical prognostic factors into risk profiles that can be used to predict the likelihood of recurrence or metastatic progression in patients following treatment of prostate cancer. We developed a nomogram that allows prediction of disease recurrence through use of preoperative clinical factors for patients(More)
PURPOSE Because preservation of functioning penile erections is a major concern for many patients considering treatment for localized prostate cancer, we analyzed various factors determined before and after radical retropubic prostatectomy to identify those significantly associated with recovery of erectile function. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our prospective(More)
BACKGROUND A Nomogram based on pretreatment prostate specific antigen (PSA) level, tumor grade, and clinical stage has recently been developed and distributed to physicians. It was distributed to aid physicians in making treatment recommendations by predicting the probability of the final pathologic stage of clinically localized prostate carcinoma. The(More)
In prostate cancer, mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene has been associated with locally advanced disease and hormone-resistant disease that is predominantly localized to bone. However, little is known regarding the status of the p53 gene in metastatic prostate cancer that has not been treated with hormonal manipulation. We evaluated formalin-fixed,(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that the growth of human prostatic adenocarcinoma is associated with aberrant accumulation of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1, a growth factor that has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of epithelial cell proliferation. We investigated the expression of TGF-beta receptor II (TGFbetaR-II) in benign prostate tissue(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to evaluate the potential of the molecular and cellular markers p53, Ki-67, and apoptotic index (AI) as adjuncts to the commonly available variables of tumor grade, clinical stage, and serum prostate specific antigen to predict prostate carcinoma recurrence after radical prostatectomy. METHODS Representative punch biopsy(More)
Recent studies suggest a role for p53 in prostate cancer progression. Although p53 mutations in primary prostate cancer tissues are relatively infrequent, they occur at significant levels in metastatic disease. Here we describe a novel approach to the molecular analysis of p53 in paired specimens of primary and metastatic prostate cancer that results in(More)
BACKGROUND High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) is a putative pre-malignant lesion of the prostate. While apolipoprotein-D (Apo-D), an androgen-regulated hydrophobic transporter protein, is expressed in prostate tumors, its expression in HGPIN is unknown. METHODS Immunoreactivity for Apo-D and another androgen-regulated protein, prostate(More)
Abnormal p53 protein accumulation is typically defined as present when greater than 5 or 10% of cancer cells stain positively. We present a novel approach whereby immunopositivity is defined when 15 or more cells within a 300 x 400-micrometer(2) field exhibit p53 protein accumulation; a feature that we have called "clustered" staining. We assessed p53(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether human cytomegalovirus (CMV) may play a role in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used immunohistochemistry and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to evaluate the presence of CMV in normal prostatic tissue (n = 12) and BPH tissue (n = 21). RESULTS Immunostaining for CMV in prostatic(More)