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Objective: We examined whether the extracellular Ca 2؉-sensing receptor (CaSR) is involved in the enhanced Ca 2؉ influx and proliferation in IPAH-PASMC and whether blockade of CaSR inhibits experimental pulmonary hypertension.
Pulmonary circulation is an important circulatory system in which the body brings in oxygen. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive and fatal disease that predominantly affects women. Sustained pulmonary vasoconstriction, excessive pulmonary vascular remodeling, in situ thrombosis, and increased pulmonary vascular stiffness are the major… (More)
Intracellular Ca(2+) plays a fundamental role in regulating cell functions in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). A rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) triggers pulmonary vasoconstriction and stimulates PASMC proliferation. [Ca(2+)](cyt) is increased mainly by Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores and Ca(2+) influx through… (More)
111 Dysfunctional bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling has been found in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, the exact role of BMP signaling in the treatment of PAH remains unknown. The BMP receptor type II (BMPR-II) is a member of the TGF-β family of signaling molecules. Functional receptors are heterodimers composed of a… (More)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is a compensatory physiological mechanism in the lung that optimizes the matching of ventilation to perfusion and thereby maximizes gas exchange. Historically, HPV has been primarily studied in isolated perfused/ventilated lungs; however, the results of these studies have varied greatly due to different experimental… (More)
Electromechanical coupling via membrane depolarization-mediated activation of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCC) is an important mechanism in regulating pulmonary vascular tone, while mouse is an animal model often used to study pathogenic mechanisms of pulmonary vascular disease. The function of VDCC in mouse pulmonary artery (PA) smooth muscle cells… (More)
Fenfluramine is prescribed either alone or in combination with phentermine as part of Fen-Phen, an anti-obesity medication. Fenfluramine was withdrawn from the US market in 1997 due to reports of heart valvular disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and cardiac fibrosis. Particularly, idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), previously referred… (More)