Amy O Bowles

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Military personnel deployed to combat theaters in Iraq and Afghanistan are at risk of sustaining mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) from causes such as improvised explosive devices, motor vehicle accidents, and falls. Despite the high incidence of mTBI in deployed personnel, questions remain about the effects of blast-related vs. non-blast-related mTBI on(More)
Cognitive difficulties are frequently reported by Operation Enduring Freedom /Operation Iraqi Freedom military personnel who sustained mild traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). The current study examined several potential factors that may contribute to self-reported cognitive difficulties in postdeployment clinical settings. Eighty-four subjects who sustained a(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between combat stress and post-concussive symptoms in service members with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) is poorly understood. It was hypothesized that the co-occurrence of combat stress would have a significant effect on the severity of post-concussive complaints, specifically on emotional and cognitive symptoms. METHODS(More)
Evaluation of post-deployment conditions such as post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently relies upon brief, self-report checklists which are face valid and highly susceptible to potential symptom validity issues such as symptom exaggeration. We investigated the psychometric prope1rties of a 5-item measure of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the differences in the extent and distribution of brachial plexopathy involvement caused by gunshot wounds (GSW), motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), and other etiologies, based on electrophysiologic data. DESIGN Retrospective review of electrophysiologic data from 1993 to 2002. SETTING A large urban county hospital. PARTICIPANTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess gender differences in academic progress and attitudes toward promotion in academic physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R). DESIGN A survey was sent to members of the Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP). Questions addressed demographics, job description, hours worked, childcare responsibilities, publications, career(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the psychometric properties of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 (MPAI-4) obtained by self-report in a large sample of active duty military personnel with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Consecutive cohort who completed the MPAI-4 as a part of a larger battery of clinical outcome measures at the time of intake to an(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pre- to posttreatment changes in both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and persistent postconcussive symptoms (PPCSs). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS We studied 257 active-duty patients with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) who completed multidisciplinary outpatient treatment at Brooke Army Medical Center TBI(More)