Learn More
Factors which influence somatic cell counts in bovine milk are reviewed and guidelines for their interpretation are presented. It is suggested that the thresholds of 300 000 and 250 000 cells/mL be used to identify infected quarters and cows respectively. However, it is stressed that somatic cell counts are general indicators of udder health which are(More)
Data from an epidemiological study in Ontario, involving 304 dairy herds, were used to identify associations between selected production indices and lipoarabinomannan antigen serological test results for paratuberculosis (LAM-ELISA). Analyses were conducted at both the herd and individual cow levels of organization. After analytically controlling for(More)
Survival to maturity and age at first calving were studied in heifer calves from 34 randomly selected Holstein dairy farms in southwestern Ontario. Calves were divided into cohorts on the basis of treatment for pneumonia, scours, other diseases, or no treatments, during the first 90 days of life. An effect of pneumonia and scours together, over and above(More)
An epidemiological study was undertaken to elucidate factors associated with pet ownership. The study utilized questionnaires that were mailed to a systematic random sample of 700 households in the city of Guelph and Eramosa township. Reasons for ownership were analyzed by factor analysis while differences between owning and nonowning households were(More)
Logistic regression was used to model associations between antimicrobial treatment and resistance among fecal Escherichia coli of finisher pigs at the farm level. Four sets of potential risk factors representing different levels of refinement of antimicrobial use on farms were modelled on resistance to antimicrobials. Final models for each antimicrobial(More)
Antimicrobial drug-use was assessed on 34 farrow-to-finish operations that marketed at least 500 hogs/yr. These operations either did not use any antimicrobials or used narrow-spectrum or broad-spectrum antimicrobials in rations of post-weaning pigs. Total antimicrobial use was measured for two months after obtaining inventories and records of all(More)
The study involved 110 randomly selected dairy farms located in the Ontario, Canada counties of Bruce, Grey, Huron, Oxford, Perth, Waterloo and Wellington. Herds were classified as "intensive" and "extensive". On extensive farms, data were collected at the herd level only, while on intensive farms, data were recorded at both the individual animal and herd(More)
When will durable expenditures respond strongly to economic stimulus? We build from micro evidence and show that in a heterogeneous agent business cycle model with …xed costs of durable adjustment, responsiveness is substantially dampened during recessions. Our model estimates imply that during the Great Recession, durable expenditures were half as(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the most efficient means of sampling faeces of finisher pigs for accurate and precise farm-level estimates of antimicrobial resistance among faecal Escherichia coli. Resistance to tetracycline and gentamicin of 8250 isolates of E. coli from 55 finisher pigs on one farm was measured with a hydrophobic grid(More)
A total of 58,885 spring-born calves entering a large commercial feedlot in southwestern Alberta were studied to examine the associations between shipping fever mortality and the pattern of calf sales at the auction markets, time of year, and weather. The observational study followed calves purchased from 42 auction markets in the 4 western provinces(More)