Amy Marie Ruschak

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The development of new protein labeling strategies, along with optimized experiments that exploit the label, have significantly impacted on the types of biochemical problems that can now be addressed by solution NMR spectroscopy. Here we describe how methyl labeling of key residues in a highly deuterated protein background has facilitated studies of the(More)
Eukaryotes and archaea use a protease called the proteasome that has an integral role in maintaining cellular function through the selective degradation of proteins. Proteolysis occurs in a barrel-shaped 20S core particle, which in Thermoplasma acidophilum is built from four stacked homoheptameric rings of subunits, α and β, arranged α(7)β(7)β(7)α(7) (ref.(More)
The proteasome is an intracellular enzyme complex that degrades ubiquitin-tagged proteins and thereby regulates protein levels within the cell. Given this important role in maintaining cellular homeostasis, it is perhaps somewhat surprising that proteasome inhibitors have a therapeutic window. Proteasome inhibitors have demonstrated clinical efficacy in the(More)
A central component of a number of degenerative diseases is the deposition of protein as amyloid fibers. Self-assembly of amyloid occurs by a nucleation-dependent mechanism that gives rise to a characteristic sigmoidal reaction profile. The abruptness of this transition is a variable characteristic of different proteins with implications to both chemical(More)
Methyl groups are powerful reporters of structure, motion, and function in NMR studies of supramolecular protein assemblies. Their utility can be hindered, however, by spectral overlap, difficulties with assignment or lack of probes in biologically important regions of the molecule studied. Here we show that (13)CH(3)-S- labeling of Cys side chains using(More)
Protein degradation plays a critical role in cellular homeostasis, in regulating the cell cycle, and in the generation of peptides that are used in the immune response. The 20S proteasome core particle (CP), a barrel-like structure consisting of four heptameric protein rings stacked axially on top of each other, is central to this process. CP function is(More)
A straightforward approach for the production of highly deuterated proteins labeled with ¹³C and ¹H at Ile-γ2 methyl positions is described. The utility of the methodology is illustrated with an application involving the half proteasome (360 kDa). High quality 2D Ile ¹³C(γ)²,¹H(γ)² HMQC data sets, exploiting the methyl-TROSY principle, are recorded with(More)
The RNA structure of the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the R2 retrotransposable element is recognized by the R2-encoded reverse transcriptase in a reaction called target primed reverse transcription (TPRT). To provide insight into structure-function relationships important for TPRT, we have created alignments that reveal the secondary structure for 22(More)
The self-assembly of proteins into stable, fibrillar aggregates is a general property of polypeptides most notably associated with degenerative diseases termed amyloidoses. These nano- to micrometer scale structures are formed predominantly of beta-sheets that self-assemble by a nucleation-dependent mechanism. The rate-limiting step of assembly involves(More)
NMR studies of very high molecular weight protein complexes have been greatly facilitated through the development of labeling strategies whereby (13)CH(3) methyl groups are introduced into highly deuterated proteins. Robust and cost-effective labeling methods are well established for all methyl containing amino acids with the exception of Thr. Here we(More)