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The molecular events governing salt-sensitive hypertension are currently unknown. Because the renin-ANG system plays a central role in blood pressure regulation and electrolyte balance, it may be closely involved in the phenomenon of salt sensitivity. Therefore, we examined the effect of a high-salt diet (8%) and a low-salt diet (0.4%) on ANG II-caused(More)
The cardiovascular consequences of inhibition of the neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) with the orally active NEP inhibitor sinorphan were evaluated by determining long-term effects of the drug on hemodynamic, hormonal and structural parameters in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP). Systolic blood pressure increased in young SHR-SP from(More)
The relationship between pre-treatment blood pressure and its reduction by the calcium antagonist nitrendipine (NIT) and the vasodilator hydralazine (HYD) was studied in conscious normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In SHR the correlation was linear and similar after NIT and HYD. In WKY, however, the hypotensive effect(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive cardiomyopathy is a major risk factor for the development of chronic heart failure. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether treatment with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or with an angiotensin type 1 receptor antagonist (AT1-RA) is sufficient to prevent the development of hypertensive cardiomyopathy and cardiac(More)
Fifty percent of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) patients will progress to generalized myasthenia, 90% within 3 years from the onset of ocular symptoms. This study was performed to determine whether treatment with oral prednisone initiated and completed within 2 years from the onset of ocular symptoms would affect the progression of ocular myasthenia to(More)
The main mechanism underlying the antihypertensive action of calcium antagonists is believed to be the vasodilation of peripheral vessels. To compare the effects of calcium antagonists with those of other vasodilators, nifedipine or its antihypertensive analog nitrendipine were tested in different normotensive and hypertensive rat strains and situations.(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment with the beta-blocker carvedilol leads to an improvement of outcome and ejection fraction in heart failure. These effects occur without affecting the number of beta-adrenergic receptors, as determined in right ventricular biopsies from patients with heart failure. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of carvedilol on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rho-kinase (ROCK) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of altered vasoregulation leading to hypertension. Here we describe the pharmacological characterization of a potent, highly selective and orally active ROCK inhibitor, the derivative of a class of azaindoles, azaindole 1(More)
The molecular events governing salt-sensitive hypertension are currently unknown. Because the renin-angiotensin system plays a central role in blood pressure regulation, as well as electrolyte balance, it may be closely involved in the phenomenon of salt sensitivity. Therefore, we examined the effect of a high salt diet (8%) on aortic angiotensin type 1(More)
In the present study the influence of imipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant, on the expression and function of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in dopaminergic rat brain regions was examined. Chronic administration of imipramine (18 days) decreased levels of TH enzyme activity in ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra (SN), dopaminergic cell body(More)