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The present study investigated whether high salt intake (8%) in Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats with and without hypertension produces a heterologous desensitization of cardiac adenylyl cyclase as observed in various types of hypertension and human heart failure. In membranes from Dahl salt-sensitive rats on a high-salt diet (8%) basal,(More)
The present study investigated whether reduced adenylate cyclase activity and an increase in inhibitory guanine nucleotide binding proteins (Gi alpha), which have been observed in the failing human heart, already occur in myocardial hypertrophy before the stage of heart failure. In membranes of hypertrophic hearts from rats with different forms of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rho-kinase (ROCK) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of altered vasoregulation leading to hypertension. Here we describe the pharmacological characterization of a potent, highly selective and orally active ROCK inhibitor, the derivative of a class of azaindoles, azaindole 1(More)
The relationship between pre-treatment blood pressure and its reduction by the calcium antagonist nitrendipine (NIT) and the vasodilator hydralazine (HYD) was studied in conscious normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In SHR the correlation was linear and similar after NIT and HYD. In WKY, however, the hypotensive effect(More)
The molecular events governing salt-sensitive hypertension are currently unknown. Because the renin-ANG system plays a central role in blood pressure regulation and electrolyte balance, it may be closely involved in the phenomenon of salt sensitivity. Therefore, we examined the effect of a high-salt diet (8%) and a low-salt diet (0.4%) on ANG II-caused(More)
These studies were designed to investigate the protective effects of the new angiotensin II receptors antagonist BAY 10-6734 (6-n-butyl-4-methoxycarbonyl-2-oxo-1[(2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl) -3-fluorobiphenyl-4-yl)methyl] 1,2-dihydropyridine, CAS 156001-18-2) on haemodynamic, hormonal, renal, and structural parameters in renin transgenic rats (TGR(mRen2)27),(More)
The cardiovascular consequences of inhibition of the neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) with the orally active NEP inhibitor sinorphan were evaluated by determining long-term effects of the drug on hemodynamic, hormonal and structural parameters in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP). Systolic blood pressure increased in young SHR-SP from(More)
Nitrendipine is a calcium antagonistic 1,4-dihydropyridine derivative with a pronounced antihypertensive activity in animal experiment. Similar to other calcium entry blockers, nitrendipine decreases blood pressure by lowering the elevated peripheral vascular resistance. However, its long-term effect differs from that of vasodilators such as hydralazine and(More)
OBJECTIVE The question of this study was whether alterations in the inhibitory guanine-nucleotide binding protein alpha-subunits (G(i)alpha) contribute to alterations in adenylate cyclase regulation in hypertensive cardiomyopathy of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). DESIGN AND METHODS G(i)alpha was measured by pertussis toxin-catalysed 32P-adenosine(More)
We investigated the effect of pharmacological treatment with captopril, nitrendipine, and captopril plus nitrendipine on myocardial heterologous adenylyl cyclase desensitization and the underlying postreceptor defects in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In myocardial membranes from SHR, stimulation of adenylyl cyclase with guanylylimido-diphosphate (P(More)