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Small circular oligonucleotides can be used for diagnostic, therapeutic, and laboratory purposes. These systems have gained considerable attention in recent years because they form unusually strong and specific complexes with RNA and DNA strands. Synthetic circular DNAs of 20 to 200 nucleotides can also serve as catalysts for amplified DNA and RNA synthesis(More)
A simple new strategy for the in vitro synthesis of circular RNAs and hairpin ribozymes is described. Circular single-strand DNA oligonucleotides 67-79 nt in length are constructed to encode both hairpin ribozyme sequences and ribozyme-cleavable sequences. In vitro transcription of these small circles by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase produces long(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a circular single-stranded RNA pathogen whose monomeric form results from self-processing. Although studies have examined minimal HDV ribozyme activities, the mechanism for forming the circular virus remains unclear, and the trans catalytic properties of self-processed forms of HDV ribozymes have not been studied.(More)
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