Amy Liya Wang

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Yeast contains a family of five related histone deacetylases (HDACs) whose functions are known at few genes. Therefore, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation and intergenic microarrays to generate genome-wide HDAC enzyme activity maps. Rpd3 and Hda1 deacetylate mainly distinct promoters and gene classes where they are recruited largely by novel mechanisms.(More)
Histone deacetylases, typified by class I Rpd3 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, have historically been associated with gene repression. We now demonstrate that Hos2, another member of the class I family, binds to the coding regions of genes primarily during gene activation, when it specifically deacetylates the lysines in H3 and H4 histone tails.(More)
A linear 5.5-kilobase double-stranded RNA, identified in many strains and isolates of the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis in a previous study, is found largely intact in ribonuclease-treated homogenates of the parasite. It can be pelleted with membranes from the homogenate at 12,500 X g and further purified in CsCl buoyant density-gradient(More)
Sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone are essential for sexually dimorphic behaviors in vertebrates. However, the hormone-activated molecular mechanisms that control the development and function of the underlying neural circuits remain poorly defined. We have identified numerous sexually dimorphic gene expression patterns in the adult mouse(More)
Cysteinyl-tRNA (Cys-tRNA) is essential for protein synthesis. In most organisms the enzyme responsible for the formation of Cys-tRNA is cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase (CysRS). The only known exceptions are the euryarchaea Methanococcus jannaschii and Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, which do not encode a CysRS. Deviating from the accepted concept of one(More)
Giardiavirus is a small, nonenveloped virus comprising a monopartite double-stranded RNA genome, a major protein of 100 kDa, and a less abundant polypeptide of 190 kDa. It can be isolated from the culture supernatant of Giardia lamblia, a parasitic flagellate in human and other mammals, and efficiently infects other virus-free G. lamblia. A single-stranded(More)
A "double-stranded" RNA was identified in the anaerobic, parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. Electron microscopic evidence indicated linear double-stranded structure 1.5 micron in length, with no apparent hairpins or loops. Boiling in 30% dimethyl sulfoxide denatured it into single strands of 1.5 micron and shorter fragments. It consists of 23.4% G,(More)
Short introns occur in numerous protist lineages, but there are no reports of intervening sequences in the protists Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis, which may represent the deepest known branches in the eukaryotic line of descent. We have discovered a 35-bp spliceosomal intron in a gene encoding a putative [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin of G. lamblia. The(More)
The purpose of this research was to investigate the role of Vav3 oncogene in human prostate cancer. We found that expression of Vav3 was significantly elevated in androgen-independent LNCaP-AI cells in comparison with that in their androgen-dependent counterparts, LNCaP cells. Vav3 expression was also detected in other human prostate cancer cell lines(More)
A Walker 256 rat mammary carcinoma cell line (WR) resistant to bifunctional nitrogen mustards has been shown to have an approximate twofold increase in bulk glutathione-S-transferase activity compared to the parent cell line. Substrate specificity studies suggest that higher levels of Yb subunit contribute to the increased activity. By exposing WR cells to(More)