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The CBFbeta subunit is the non-DNA-binding subunit of the heterodimeric core-binding factor (CBF). CBFbeta associates with DNA-binding CBFalpha subunits and increases their affinity for DNA. Genes encoding the CBFbeta subunit (CBFB) and one of the CBFalpha subunits (CBFA2, otherwise known as AML1) are the most frequent targets of chromosomal translocations(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle weakness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) carries a poor prognosis, therefore a non-invasive marker of this process could be useful. Reduced expression of muscle-specific microRNA (myomiRs) in quadriceps muscle in patients with COPD is associated with skeletal muscle weakness and changes in muscle fibre composition.(More)
RATIONALE Muscle atrophy confers a poor prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet the molecular pathways responsible are poorly characterised. Muscle-specific microRNAs and serum response factor (SRF) are important regulators of muscle phenotype that contribute to a feedback system to regulate muscle gene expression. The(More)
The Runt domain is the DNA-binding domain defining a small family of transcription factors that are involved in important developmental processes. Developmental pathways controlled by Runt domain proteins include sex determination, neurogenesis, segmentation, and eye development in Drosophila and hematopoiesis in mammals. In addition to binding DNA, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain if a predictor of obstructed labour and obstetric fistula (OF) occurrence could be devised. DESIGN Observational study of two cohorts. SETTING Selian Lutheran Mission Hospital, Arusha, Tanzania and Aberdeen Women's Centre, Freetown, Sierra Leone. POPULATION All women presenting with OF caused by obstructed labour and all women(More)
Intestinal fibrosis with stricture formation is a complication of CD (Crohn's disease) that may mandate surgical resection. Accurate biomarkers that reflect the relative contribution of fibrosis to an individual stricture are an unmet need in managing patients with CD. The miRNA-29 (miR-29) family has been implicated in cardiac, hepatic and pulmonary(More)
INTRODUCTION Quadriceps dysfunction is important in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with an associated increased proportion of type II fibers. Investigation of protein synthesis and degradation has yielded conflicting results, possibly due to study of whole biopsy samples, whereas signaling may be fiber-specific. Our objective was to develop a(More)
BACKGROUND The management of acute fulminant colitis unresponsive to intravenous steroids is usually surgical. However, recent evidence suggests that intravenous administration of azathioprine at very high doses may allow more rapid onset of clinical efficacy, although its use has not previously been reported in the emergency situation. AIM To report the(More)
BACKGROUND Development of fibrosis and subsequent stricture formation in Crohn's disease (CD) increases morbidity and rates of surgery and reduces patients' quality of life. There are currently no biomarkers of intestinal fibrosis that might allow earlier identification and better management of patients at increased risk of stricture formation. METHODS(More)
(for review, see Orkin, 1995). A transcription factor complex that plays a central role in hematopoiesis is the 1 unit can bind DNA as a monomer in vitro, but its affinity 1 Department of Biochemistry for DNA is 5-to 10-fold greater when it binds DNA as Dartmouth Medical School a CBF␣:␤ heterodimer (Ogawa et al., 1993a; Wang et al., Hanover, New Hampshire(More)