Amy Leanne Firth

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Embryonic stem (ES) cells are derived from blastocyst-stage embryos and are thought to be functionally equivalent to the inner cell mass, which lacks the ability to produce all extraembryonic tissues. Here we identify a rare transient cell population within mouse ES and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell cultures that expresses high levels of transcripts(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its receptor are known to be substantially elevated in lung tissues and pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) isolated from patients and animals with pulmonary arterial hypertension. PDGF has been shown to phosphorylate and activate Akt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in PASMC. In this study, we(More)
Despite therapeutic advancement, pulmonary disease still remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Opportunities to study human lung disease either in vivo or in vitro are currently limited. Using induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), we generated mature multiciliated cells in a functional airway epithelium. Robust(More)
Pulmonary and systemic arterial hypertension are associated with profound alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis and smooth muscle cell proliferation. A novel class of non-selective cation channels, the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, have emerged at the forefront of research into hypertensive disease states. TRP channels are identified as molecular(More)
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by a fibrotic thrombus persisting and obliterating the lumen of pulmonary arteries; its pathogenesis remains poorly defined. This study investigates a potential contribution for progenitor cell types in the development of vascular obliteration and remodeling in CTEPH patients.(More)
Despite improved understanding of the pathobiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), it remains a severe and progressive disease, usually culminating in right heart failure, significant morbidity and early mortality. Over the last decade, some major advances have led to substantial improvements in the management of PAH. Much of this progress was(More)
1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gene Expression Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA 2Current Address, Program in Genomics of Differentiation, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA 3School of(More)
Lung disease is a major cause of death in the United States, with current therapeutic approaches serving only to manage symptoms. The most common chronic and life-threatening genetic disease of the lung is cystic fibrosis (CF) caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR). We have generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)(More)
In this review, we demonstrate the basic properties, modulation of, and pathological changes in voltage-dependent K+ (Kv) channels that are expressed in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Pulmonary Kv channels are thought to play a crucial role in the maintenance of resting membrane potentials, and therefore the vascular tone of the pulmonary(More)
Pulmonary Hypertension is a terminology encompassing a range of etiologically different pulmonary vascular diseases. The most common is that termed pulmonary arterial hypertension or PAH; a rare but often fatal disease characterized by a mean pulmonary arterial pressure of >25 mmHg. PAH is associated with a complex etiology highlighted by core(More)