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Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by reversible bronchial constriction, pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling. Current standard therapies for asthma provide symptomatic control but fail to target the underlying disease pathology. Furthermore, no therapeutic agent is effective in preventing airway remodeling. Interleukin 13(More)
In vivo models have demonstrated that interleukin-13 (IL-13) plays an important role in asthma; however, few studies have evaluated the effect of inhibition of IL-13 on established and persistent disease. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of a therapeutic dosing regimen with an anti-IL-13 monoclonal antibody (mAb) in a chronic mouse(More)
Anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) monoclonal antibody was used to treat Tg197 transgenic mice, which constitutively produce human TNF-alpha (hTNF-alpha) and develop a progressive polyarthritic disease. Treatment of both young (7- or 8-week-old) and aged (27- or 28-week-old) mice commenced when at least two limbs showed signs of moderate to severe(More)
Anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-α (TNF-α) monoclonal antibody was used to treat Tg197 transgenic mice, which constitutively produce human TNF-α (hTNF-α) and develop a progressive polyarthritic disease. Treatment of both young (7or 8-weekold) and aged (27or 28-week-old) mice commenced when at least two limbs showed signs of moderate to severe arthritis. The(More)
Originally approved for three times/week dosing, recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) is now often used at weekly intervals. We have studied rhEPO in mice to better understand why the extended dosing interval retains efficacy. C57Bl/6 mice received a single sc. dose of rhEPO (3,000 IU/kg). Bone marrow and blood were collected at 8 h and 1, 2, 5 and 7(More)
Anemia as associated with numerous clinical conditions can be debilitating, but frequently can be treated via administration of epoetin-alfa, darbepoietin-alfa, or methoxy-PEG epoetin-beta. Despite the complexity of EPO-EPO receptor interactions, the development of interesting EPO mimetic peptides (EMPs) also has been possible. CNTO 530 is one such novel(More)
Many immunosuppressive drugs are associated with an increased risk of B-cell lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma. Thirteen immunosuppressive drugs have been tested in 2-year carcinogenicity studies (abatacept; azathioprine; busulfan; cyclophosphamide; cyclosporine; dexamethasone; everolimus; leflunomide; methotrexate; mycophenolate(More)
Many immunosuppressive drugs are associated with an increased risk of neoplasia, principally non-melanoma skin cancers and B-cell lymphomas. However, only 6 of the 13 immunosuppressive drugs tested in 2 year bioassays increased the incidence of neoplasia. For example, the 2-year bioassays conducted with cyclosporine (CSA), an International Agency for(More)
An important component of safety assessment of new pharmaceuticals is evaluation of their potential to increase the risk of developing cancer in humans. The traditional 2-year rodent bioassay often is not feasible or scientifically applicable for evaluation of biotherapeutics. Additionally, it has poor predictive value for non-genotoxic immunosuppressive(More)
Background: Tissue factor (TF) serves as the primary initiator of the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation and mediates signaling via the protease activated receptor-2 (PAR2). TF is over-expressed in several tumor types and may facilitate tumor progression and angiogenesis. To test the hypothesis that inhibition of TF may have an anti-tumor effect, we(More)