Amy L. Tucker

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Cardiac sympathetic stimulation activates beta-adrenergic (beta-AR) receptors and protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylation of proteins involved in myocyte Ca regulation. The Na/K-ATPase (NKA) is essential in regulating intracellular [Na] ([Na]i), which in turn affects [Ca]i via Na/Ca exchange. However, how PKA modifies NKA function is unknown. Phospholemman(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac Na/K-ATPase (NKA) regulates intracellular Na ([Na](i)), which in turn affects intracellular Ca and thus contractility via Na/Ca exchange. Recent evidence shows that phosphorylation of the NKA-associated small transmembrane protein phospholemman (PLM) mediates beta-adrenergic-induced NKA stimulation. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we tested(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a simple lipid with many important biological functions such as the regulation of cellular proliferation, cellular migration, differentiation, and suppression of apoptosis. Although a direct angiogenic effect of LPA has not been reported to date, there are indications that LPA promotes angiogenesis. In addition, LPA is a(More)
Phospholemman (PLM) is the first sequenced member of the FXYD family of regulators of ion transport. The mature protein has 72 amino acids and consists of an extracellular N terminus containing the signature FXYD motif, a single transmembrane (TM) domain, and a cytoplasmic C-terminal domain containing four potential sites for phosphorylation. PLM and other(More)
Myotonic muscular dystrophy (DM1) is the most common inherited neuromuscular disorder in adults and is considered the first example of a disease caused by RNA toxicity. Using a reversible transgenic mouse model of RNA toxicity in DM1, we provide evidence that DM1 is associated with induced NKX2-5 expression. Transgene expression resulted in cardiac(More)
We have demonstrated previously that phospholemman (PLM), a 15-kDa integral sarcolemmal phosphoprotein, inhibits the cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX1). In addition, protein kinase A phosphorylates serine 68, whereas protein kinase C phosphorylates both serine 63 and serine 68 of PLM. Using human embryonic kidney 293 cells that are devoid of both endogenous(More)
Four subtypes of adenosine receptors have recently been cloned from thyroid, brain and testis. In this review we have summarised properties of these purinergic receptors. The cloned A1 and A2 subtypes are probably similar or identical to receptors that exist on cardiac and vascular tissues, respectively. A comparison of the amino acid sequences of A1, A2a,(More)
Using the polymerase chain reaction, an A3 adenosine receptor has been cloned from the hypophysial par tuberalis of sheep. The clone encodes a 317-amino acid protein that is 72% identical to the rat A3 adenosine receptor. In contrast to rat, where abundant A3 mRNA transcript is found primarily in testis, the sheep transcript is most abundant in lung,(More)
Because phospholemman (PLM) regulates the Na(+)/K(+) pump (NKA) and is a major cardiac phosphorylation target for both protein kinase A (at Ser68) and protein kinase C (PKC) (at both Ser63 and Ser68), we evaluated whether PLM mediates the PKC-dependent regulation of NKA function and protein kinase A/PKC crosstalk in ventricular myocytes. PKC was activated(More)
Phospholemman (PLM) is a small transmembrane cardiac protein that is the major sarcolemmal substrate for phosphorylation in response to adrenergic stimulation. PLM likely plays a role in muscle contractility and cell volume regulation through its function as a channel or a channel regulator. We are the first to describe the structure of the PLM gene and to(More)