Amy L. Clark

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BACKGROUND Age-related loss of muscle, sarcopenia, is recognised as a clinical syndrome with multiple contributing factors. International European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria require generalised loss of muscle mass and reduced function to diagnose sarcopenia. Both are common in COPD but are usually studied in isolation and(More)
BACKGROUND The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is responsive to change in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) has not been established. We aimed to identify the MCID for the CAT using anchor-based and distribution-based methods. METHODS We did three studies at two centres in(More)
BACKGROUND The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is a recently introduced instrument to assess health-related quality of life in COPD. We aimed to evaluate the longitudinal change in CAT following Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR), and test the relationship between CAT and CRQ-Self Report (SR) over time. We hypothesised that the CAT would show similar responsiveness(More)
RATIONALE Several randomised controlled trials support the provision of early pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) following hospitalisation for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, there is little real-world data regarding uptake, adherence and completion rates. METHODS An audit was conducted to prospectively document(More)
In community-dwelling older adults, usual gait speed over 4 m (4MGS) consistently predicts greater risk of adverse health outcomes. The aims of the present study were to assess the reliability of the 4MGS and the relationship with established health outcome measures in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Test-retest and interobserver reliability(More)
Five patients known to be HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)-positive--that is, susceptible to AIDS--presented with symptoms initially thought to be indicative of lumbar disc lesions. Signs of nerve root or cauda equina compression were found in all five patients. Lumbar radiculography and, in one patient, computerised tomography produced no evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is a recently introduced, simple-to-use health status instrument that takes less time to complete than better-established health status instruments. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, the CAT improves with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), and changes correlate with improvements in(More)
Quantification of daily physical activity is of clinical interest in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objective measures using activity monitors may take several days to obtain reliable results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the Stanford Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire (PAR) against the SenseWear armband (SWA) and(More)
BACKGROUND Moving from sitting to standing is a common activity of daily living. The five-repetition sit-to-stand test (5STS) is a test of lower limb function that measures the fastest time taken to stand five times from a chair with arms folded. The 5STS has been validated in healthy community-dwelling adults, but data in chronic obstructive pulmonary(More)