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The therapeutic benefits of dopamine (DA) agonists after traumatic brain injury (TBI) imply a role for DA systems in mediating functional deficits post-TBI. We investigated how experimental TBI affects striatal dopamine systems using fast scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV), western blot, and d-amphetamine-induced rotational behavior. Adult male Sprague-Dawley(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a significant cause of death and disability in industrialized countries. Of particular importance to patients the chronic effect that TBI has on cognitive function. Therapeutic strategies have been difficult to evaluate because of the complexity of injuries and variety of patient presentations within a TBI population.(More)
Dopamine (DA) systems are implicated in cognitive deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Rodent studies have demonstrated that both environmental enrichment (EE) and sex hormones can influence DA systems. The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a crucial role in regulating DA transmission, and previous work shows that DAT is decreased after TBI in(More)
Affective dysregulation and dissociation are currently discussed as core features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Affective dysregulation is hypothesized to be correlated with increased amygdala functioning and dissociation is linked to inhibited processing on the amygdala and dampened autonomic output, according to the corticolimbic disconnection(More)
BACKGROUND Older adults have higher mortality rates after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to younger adults. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling is altered in aging and is important to TBI given its role in neuronal survival/plasticity and autonomic function. Following experimental TBI, acute BDNF administration has not been(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify which factors are associated with successful return to productive activity (RTPA) 1 year after hospitalization with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to examine the relations between successful RTPA and other measures of impairment, disability, handicap, and integration into the community. DESIGN Prospective study with 1-year(More)
CONTEXT Evidence suggests that athletes engaging in high-intensity activities after concussion have more difficulties with cognitive recovery. OBJECTIVE To examine the role postinjury activity level plays in postconcussive symptoms and performance on neurocognitive tests in a population of student-athletes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study with(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability. Microglial activation is commonly observed in response to neuronal injury which, when prolonged, is thought to be detrimental to neuronal survival. Activated microglia can be labeled using PK11195, a ligand that binds the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR),(More)
OBJECTIVE Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a significant complication following traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet the role of genetic variation in modulating PTE onset is unclear. We hypothesized that TBI-induced inflammation likely contributes to seizure development. We assessed whether genetic variation in the interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) gene, IL-1β levels(More)
Post-traumatic seizures (PTS) are a significant complication from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Adenosine, a major neuroprotective and neuroinhibitory molecule, is important in experimental epilepsy models. Thus, we investigated the adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) gene and linked it with clinical data extracted for 206 subjects with severe TBI. Tagging SNPs(More)