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The therapeutic benefits of dopamine (DA) agonists after traumatic brain injury (TBI) imply a role for DA systems in mediating functional deficits post-TBI. We investigated how experimental TBI affects striatal dopamine systems using fast scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV), western blot, and d-amphetamine-induced rotational behavior. Adult male Sprague-Dawley(More)
Dopamine (DA) systems are implicated in cognitive deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Rodent studies have demonstrated that both environmental enrichment (EE) and sex hormones can influence DA systems. The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a crucial role in regulating DA transmission, and previous work shows that DAT is decreased after TBI in(More)
OBJECT Dopamine (DA) pathways have been implicated in cognitive deficits after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Both sex and the dopamine transporter (DAT) 3' variable number of tandem repeat polymorphism have been associated with differences in DAT protein density, and DAT protein affects both presynaptic DA release, through reverse transport, and DA(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a significant cause of death and disability in industrialized countries. Of particular importance to patients the chronic effect that TBI has on cognitive function. Therapeutic strategies have been difficult to evaluate because of the complexity of injuries and variety of patient presentations within a TBI population.(More)
Environmental enrichment (EE) has been repeatedly shown to affect multiple aspects of brain function, and is known to enhance cognitive recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) in males. However, the impact of gender on how EE affects behavioral performance after experimental TBI have not been studied. Male and normally cycling female(More)
Despite decades of basic and clinical research, treatments to improve outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are limited. However, based on the recent recognition of the prevalence of mild TBI, and its potential link to neurodegenerative disease, many new and exciting secondary injury mechanisms have been identified and several new therapies are being(More)
OBJECTIVE As dopamine neurotransmission impacts cognition, we hypothesized that variants in the linked dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and ankyrin repeat and kinase domain (ANKK1) genes might account for some individual variability in cognitive recovery following traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS Prospective cohort of 108 survivors of severe TBI,(More)
YKL-40 (chitinase 3-like protein 1) is expressed in a broad spectrum of inflammatory conditions and cancers. We have previously reported that YKL-40 levels are elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of macaques and humans with lentiviral encephalitis, as well as multiple sclerosis (MS). The current study assessed temporal CSF YKL-40 levels in subjects(More)
Evidence suggests that dopamine (DA) agonists improve cognition after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methylphenidate (MPH) is a DA agonist that blocks the dopamine transporter (DAT). Moreover, female sex hormones modulate DAT expression. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how MPH affects behavioral performance in male and female rats. Under(More)
BACKGROUND Studies implicate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17070145, a common T → C polymorphism on the KIBRA gene, in mediating differences in episodic memory. In healthy adults, T-allele carriers perform better than non-carriers on episodic memory measures. However, this association is reversed in adults with subjective memory complaints and(More)