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A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition.
Stereotype research emphasizes systematic processes over seemingly arbitrary contents, but content also may prove systematic. On the basis of stereotypes' intergroup functions, the stereotype contentExpand
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Universal dimensions of social cognition: warmth and competence
Like all perception, social perception reflects evolutionary pressures. In encounters with conspecifics, social animals must determine, immediately, whether the "other" is friend or foe (i.e. intendsExpand
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The BIAS map: behaviors from intergroup affect and stereotypes.
In the present research, consisting of 2 correlational studies (N = 616) including a representative U.S. sample and 2 experiments (N = 350), the authors investigated how stereotypes and emotionsExpand
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(Dis)respecting versus (Dis)liking: Status and Interdependence Predict Ambivalent Stereotypes of Competence and Warmth
As Allport (1954) implied, the content of stereotypes may be systematic, and specifically, ambivalent. We hypothesize two clusters of outgroups, one perceived as incompetent but warm (resulting inExpand
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Power Posing
Humans and other animals express power through open, expansive postures, and they express powerlessness through closed, contractive postures. But can these postures actually cause power? The resultsExpand
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The dynamics of warmth and competence judgments, and their outcomes in organizations
Abstract Two traits – warmth and competence – govern social judgments of individuals and groups, and these judgments shape people's emotions and behaviors. The present chapter describes the causesExpand
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When Professionals Become Mothers, Warmth Doesn't Cut the Ice
Working moms risk being reduced to one of two subtypes: homemakers—viewed as warm but incompetent, or female professionals—characterized as competent but cold. The current study ( N= 122 collegeExpand
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This Old Stereotype: The Pervasiveness and Persistence of the Elderly Stereotype
Americans stereotype elderly people as warm and incompetent, following from perceptions of them as noncompetitive and low status, respectively. This article extends existing research regardingExpand
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Doddering, but Dear: Process, Content, and Function in Stereotyping of Older Persons
about other people (Fiske 1998; Kite, Deaux, and Miele 1991). Conscious or not, noticing age drives our interactions with others. Age seems to answer: How should I address them? What are theirExpand
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