Amy J. Halliday

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A closed-loop system for the automated detection and control of epileptic seizures was created and tested in three Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) rats. In this preliminary study, a set of four EEG features were used to detect seizures and three different electrical stimulation strategies (standard (130 Hz), very high (500 Hz) and(More)
We investigate thalamocortical interactions in the tetanus toxin and the cortical stimulation rat models of epilepsy. Using local field potential recordings from the cortex and the thalamus of the rat, the nonlinear regression index is calculated to create the direction index in order to study neurodynamics during seizures. Coarse time-scale analysis(More)
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures, and is highly resistant to medication with up to 40% of patients continuing to experience seizures whilst taking oral antiepileptic drugs. Recent research suggests that this may be due to abnormalities in the blood-brain barrier, which prevent the passage of therapeutic(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterised by spontaneous seizures. Over one third of patients receive insufficient benefit from oral anti-epileptic drug (AED) therapy, and continue to experience seizures whilst on medication. Epilepsy researchers are consequently seeking new ways to deliver AEDs directly to the seizure focus in the brain in order to(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the current intensities necessary to elicit three levels of varying EEG and behavioural phenomena with electrical stimulation, and also to determine the consistency of the EEG and behavioural components of the triggered seizures over time. Electrical stimulation of the primary motor/somatosensory cortex was performed(More)
An ELISA test was developed to measure the levels of IgG antibody in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) cats immunised with two doses of an attenuated feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine. All eight vaccinates were protected from virus challenge, but four out of five non-vaccinates were not. There was a significant difference in respect of protection from virus(More)
Approximately one-third of people with epilepsy receive insufficient benefit from currently available anticonvulsant medication, and some evidence suggests that this may be due to a lack of effective penetration into brain parenchyma. The current study investigated the ability of biodegradable polymer implants loaded with levetiracetam to ameliorate(More)
This blinded controlled prospective randomized study investigates the biocompatibility of polypyrrole (PPy) polymer that will be used for intracranial triggered release of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Three by three millimeters PPy are implanted subdurally in six adult female genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg. Each rat has a polymer implanted on(More)
Polymer based therapies offer many potential advantages in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system, and would allow delivery of therapeutic agents directly to the relevant area of brain, circumventing obstacles presented by the blood brain barrier, avoiding the side-effects often associated with systemic medication administration, and permitting(More)
A modified cortical stimulation model was used to investigate the effects of varying the synchronicity and periodicity of electrical stimuli delivered to multiple pairs of electrodes on seizure initiation. In this model, electrical stimulation of the motor cortex of rats, along four pairs of a microwire electrode array, results in an observable seizure with(More)