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Wang and Bellugi [J clin exp Neuropsychol 1994;16:317 22] have suggested that Down's and Williams syndrome might be associated with specific and contrasting working memory deficits; with impaired verbal short-term memory in Down's syndrome, and a visuo-spatial short-term memory deficit in Williams syndrome. In two studies we examine whether these apparent(More)
Individuals with Down syndrome suffer from relatively poor verbal short-term memory. Previous explanations of this deficit have been framed in terms of inefficient or absent rehearsal of verbal material in Down syndrome within the phonological loop component of Baddeley and Hitch's (1974) working memory model. Two experiments are presented which test this(More)
One commonly cited feature of Williams syndrome is a characteristic dissociation between relatively spared language skills and severely impaired nonverbal abilities. However, the actual evidence for a dissociation between verbal and nonverbal abilities in Williams syndrome is equivocal. In two separate studies we examined these abilities in 16 individuals(More)
Jarrold et al. (1998) presented evidence to suggest that verbal and non-verbal abilities develop at different rates in individuals with the Williams syndrome phenotype. However, this evidence was derived from cross-sectional rather than longitudinal data. The current report presents data from a series of follow up assessments which examine the development(More)
Previous research has indicated that 2 processing rates may constrain verbal short-term memory performance. These have been linked to individual differences in (a) the time taken to articulate spoken words and (b) the duration of pauses that occur between words in the output responses to memory tasks. Two experiments examined whether evidence for these(More)
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