Amy H. Walker

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BACKGROUND Pathways involved in androgen metabolism have been implicated in the etiology of prostate cancer. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of CYP3A4, a gene associated with the oxidative deactivation of testosterone, on the clinical presentation of prostate cancers. METHODS A polymerase chain reaction-based approach was used to(More)
The enzyme product of SRD5A2, 5alpha-reductase type II, is responsible for converting testosterone to the more metabolically active dihydrotestosterone. Therefore, SRDSA2 may be involved in the development or growth of prostate tumors. To examine the effects of allelic variants in the gene SRDSA2 on the presentation of prostate tumors, we studied a sample,(More)
Human pigmentation, including eye color, has been associated with skin cancer risk. The P gene is the human homologue to the mouse pink-eye dilution locus and is responsible for oculocutaneous albinism type 2 and other phenotypes that confer eye hypopigmentation. The P gene is located on chromosome 15q11.2-q12, which is also the location of a putative eye(More)
HPC2/ELAC2 has been identified as a prostate cancer (CaP) susceptibility gene. Two common missense variants in HPC2/ELAC2 have been identified: a Ser-->Leu change at amino acid 217, and an Ala-->Thr change at amino acid 541. Tavtigian et al. reported that these variants were associated with CaP in a sample of men drawn from families with hereditary CaP. To(More)
Epipodophyllotoxins are associated with leukemias characterized by translocations of the MLL gene at chromosome band 11q23 and other translocations. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A metabolizes epipodophyllotoxins and other chemotherapeutic agents. CYP3A metabolism generates epipodophyllotoxin catechol and quinone metabolites, which could damage DNA. There is a(More)
CYP3A4 is involved in the metabolism of numerous biologically active compounds, including testosterone. A genetic variant located in the P450NF (nifedipine) specific element (NFSE) has been identified that disrupts a transciptional regulatory element located in the 5' regulatory region of CYP3A4. The CYP3A4 variant (CYP3A4-V) is associated with the clinical(More)
The mu and theta classes of glutathione S-transferases (GST) may affect the development of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) by decreasing cellular oxidative stress in skin. These isozymes are absent in a large proportion of the population because of germ-line homozygous deletions in the genes encoding GSTM1 and GSTT1. To determine the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Population history can be reflected in group genetic ancestry, where genomic variation captured by the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and non-recombining portion of the Y chromosome (NRY) can separate female- and male-specific admixture processes. Genetic ancestry may influence genetic association studies due to differences in individual admixture(More)
The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are involved in the metabolism of numerous potential prostate carcinogens. Common homozygous germ-line deletions exist in the genes that encode GST-mu (GSTM1) and GST-theta (GSTT1) and preclude enzyme expression. To evaluate whether GSTM1 and/or GSTT1 contribute to prostate cancer (CaP) etiology, we studied 237 incident(More)
It has been reported that individuals who express GSTT1, the gene coding for the theta class of the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), have an elevated risk of prostate cancer (CaP). This result is supported by studies that show glutathione conjugation of some xenobiotics by the GSTs can produce mutagenic intermediates. However, the potential role of(More)