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This communication explores the unique challenge of contemporary urban problems and the technologies that vendors have to solve them. An acknowledged gap exists between widely referenced technologies that city managers utilize to optimize scheduled operations and those that reflect the capability of spontaneity in search of nuance–laden solutions to(More)
Prison construction was a noticeable component of economic development initiatives in rural places during the 1980s and the 1990s. Yet, few comprehensive ex post-empirical studies have been conducted and therefore the literature remains inconclusive about the economic impacts of prisons. Following a temporal overview of the geography of prison development(More)
Over the last decade, demand for services from military treatment facilities (MTFs) has frequently exceeded capacity resulting in increased usage of off-base civilian Tricare providers (OCTP). This capacity shortage has been particularly acute for mental health care. At many installations, OCTPs are the main source of mental health care for military(More)
While sanitation is fundamental for health and wellbeing, cities of all sizes face growing challenges in providing safe, affordable and functional sanitation systems that are also sustainable. Factors such as limited political will, inadequate technical, financial and institutional capacities and failure to integrate safe sanitation systems into broader(More)
This paper provides a selective overview of an evaluation plan for six industry information and worker training demonstration projects funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) under its Regional Development Initiative to Enhance Manufacturing Competitiveness (Industrial Competitiveness Initiative). Some tentative generalizations are also made(More)
In his writing, analyses, and commentaries, Walter Isard contributed significantly to economic geography, inspiring a generation of economic geographers with seminal texts on industrial location and spatial economics and methods of regional analysis – a line of argumentation that explicitly incorporated abstract economic reasoning into an otherwise largely(More)
This paper investigates the potential causal relationship(s) between China's urbanization and income inequality since the start of the economic reform. Based on the economic theory of urbanization and income distribution, we analyze the annual time series of China's urbanization rate and Gini index from 1978 to 2014. The results show that urbanization has(More)
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