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High and low angle X-ray diffraction patterns from the corneal stroma give information about the mean intermolecular spacing of the collagen molecules and the mean interfibrillar spacing of the collagen fibrils, respectively. X-ray data were collected, using a high intensity synchrotron source, from human corneas and sclera at approximately physiological… (More)
Serum albumin was modified by in vitro glycation with either fructose or glucose, to see whether the common clinical assays for glycation were able to detect both fructose- and glucose-induced changes in protein structure in diabetes. Although fluorescence measurements showed that fructose causes far more protein damage than glucose, neither serum… (More)
The effects produced by the glycation of protein by glucose and fructose are discussed, with emphasis on the products that can be isolated from diabetic subjects, or prepared in vitro under physiological conditions. Damage caused by Amadori product and advanced glycation end-products at the molecular level is described, together with evidence linking this… (More)
Several mechanisms have been postulated for the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) from glycated proteins; they all feature protein-bound carbonyl intermediates. Using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH), we have detected these intermediates on bovine serum albumin, lysozyme and beta-lactoglobulin after in vitro glycation by glucose or… (More)
The periodate assay for glycated protein has been adapted for use with a microplate reader. Up to 94 samples can be read in 40 s, and sensitivity has been improved so that only 2-40 nmol of protein-bound sugar are needed per well. Yields have been increased to over 90%, allowing in vitro glycation of human serum albumin to be assayed on 0.1-mg aliquots.
1. The beta-lactamase (penicillin amido-beta-lactamhydrolase EC 22.214.171.124) appeared to be periplasmic rather than truly intracellular, since it was released by freeze-thawing without gross morphological changes in the cell. 2. The partially purified enzyme had pI between 5.0 and 5.5, mol. wt 32 000 and a broad pH vs activity profile with a maximum at pH 8. 3.… (More)