Amy E. Shields

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
BACKGROUND Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) delivered acutely to the ovine fetus induces cerebral white matter injury and brain inflammation. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is potentially neuroprotective as it blocks the production of inflammatory cytokines and increases glutathione levels; however, it is unknown whether NAC affects the physiological status of the fetus(More)
Birth asphyxia can result in sensory impairment, learning and memory deficits without gross brain injury and severe motor deficits. We developed a model of birth asphyxia resulting in mild neurological injury and cognitive impairment using a long-gestation species with precocial fetal development. Spiny mice (Acomys cahirinus) underwent caesarean-section(More)
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) may improve pulmonary outcome in very preterm infants, but the effects on the brain are largely unknown. We hypothesized that early prolonged HFOV compared with low volume positive pressure ventilation (LV-PPV) would not increase the risk of delayed brain growth or injury in a primate model of neonatal chronic(More)
Premature infants now have an improved chance of survival, but the impact of respiratory therapies on the brain, particularly the cerebellum, remains unclear. We examined the effects of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (EnCPAP) ventilation and delayed (Dn) CPAP on the development of the cerebellum in prematurely delivered baboons. The baboons(More)
OBJECTIVE Estrogen receptors are present within the fetal brain, suggesting that estrogens may exert an influence on cerebral development. Loss of placentally derived estrogen in preterm birth may impair development. STUDY DESIGN Baboons were delivered at 125 days of gestation (term approximately 185 days), randomly allocated to receive estradiol (n = 10)(More)
Background:The effects of levosimendan (Levo) on injury patterns in the immature brain following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are unknown.Methods:Eighteen 3- to 4-wk-old anesthetized lambs, instrumented with vascular catheters and aortic and right carotid artery flow probes, were allocated to non-CPB, CPB, or CPB+Levo groups (each n = 6). After 120 min CPB(More)
Ibuprofen is an effective pharmacological intervention for closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants and is an alternative to surgical ligation; however, it is not certain whether ibuprofen treatment is associated with adverse effects on the brain. Therefore, this study examined neuropathological outcomes of ibuprofen therapy for a PDA.(More)
Introduction:Repeated courses of antenatal steroids in women at risk of preterm delivery have beneficial effects on lung maturation, but concern exists about the effects on brain development. We aimed to determine whether repeated courses of corticosteroids increased the risk of neuropathology as compared with single courses or no(More)
Intrauterine infection and inflammation have been linked to preterm birth and brain damage. We hypothesized that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) would ameliorate brain damage in anovine model of fetal inflammation. At 107 +/- 1 day of gestational age (DGA), chronically catheterized fetal sheep received on 3 consecutive days 1) an intravenous bolus(More)
  • 1