Amy E. Hilderbrand

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Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy combined with theoretical vibrational spectra provides a powerful tool for probing structure. This technique has been used to probe the structure of protonated cyclic AG and the b(2)(+) ion from AGG. The experimental spectrum for protonated cyclo AG compares very well with the theoretical spectra(More)
Although nonnative protein conformations, including intermediates along the folding pathway and kinetically trapped misfolded species that disfavor the native state, are rarely isolated in the solution phase, they are often stable in the gas phase, where macromolecular ions from electrospray ionization can exist in varying charge states. Differences in the(More)
A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation approach has been combined with ion mobility/time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry in order to characterize a combinatorial peptide library designed to contain 4000 peptides of the general form NH2-Xxx-Xxx-XXX-CO2H, NH2-Ala-Xxx-Xxx-Xxx-CO2H, NH2-Ser-Ala-Xxx-Xxx-Xxx-CO2H and(More)
When a packet of ions in a buffer gas is exposed to a weak electric field, the ions will separate according to differences in their mobilities through the gas. This separation forms the basis of the analytical method known as ion mobility spectroscopy and is highly efficient, in that it can be carried out in a very short time frame (micro- to milliseconds).(More)
A series of crown ethers, 12-crown-4, 15-crown-5, 18-crown-6, and dibenzo-30-crown-10, are examined as a possible means of shifting the mobilities of peptide ions. In this approach, a crown ether is added to a solution containing a mixture of peptides and is electrosprayed into the gas phase in order to create distributions of peptide-crown complexes. The(More)
A prototype linear octopole ion trap/ion mobility/tandem mass spectrometer has been coupled with a nanoflow liquid chromatography separation approach and used to separate and characterize a complicated peptide mixture from digestion of soluble proteins extracted from human urine. In this approach, two dimensions of separation (nanoflow liquid chromatography(More)
Ion mobility/time-of-flight techniques have been used to examine the onset of aggregation in model systems of Gly-Xxx (where Xxxx 5 Ala, Asn, Asp, Gln, Glu, His, Leu, Ser, Thr, and Trp) dipeptides. Under the experimental conditions employed, there is evidence that simple binary and quaternary mixtures of these dipeptides produce clusters containing as many(More)
A linear octopole trap interface for an ion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometer has been developed for focusing and accumulating continuous beams of ions produced by electrospray ionization. The interface improves experimental efficiencies by factors of approximately 50-200 compared with an analogous configuration that utilizes a three-dimensional(More)
The development of a multidimensional approach involving high-performance liquid chromatography (LC), ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) and tandem mass spectrometry is described for the analysis of complex peptide mixtures. In this approach, peptides are separated based on differences in their LC retention times and mobilities (as ions drift through He) prior(More)
Ion mobility and mass spectrometry techniques have been used to measure cross sections for 162 tripeptide sequences (27 different sets of six sequence isomers). The isomers have the general forms ABC, ACB, BAC, BCA, CAB, and CBA, where A corresponds to the amino acids Asp, Glu, or Gly, B corresponds to Lys, Arg, or Leu, and C corresponds to Phe, Tyr, or(More)