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OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to model jointly the incidence rates of six smoking related cancers in the Yorkshire region of England, to explore the patterns of spatial correlation amongst them, and to estimate the relative weight of smoking and other shared risk factors for the relevant disease sites, both before and after adjustment for(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterize the most frequently cited articles published in obstetrics and gynecology journals during the last 50 years. STUDY DESIGN We utilized the 2008 edition of Journal Citation Reports and Social Sciences Citation Index database to determine the most frequently cited articles published after 1956. Articles were(More)
In a large population-based series of invasive breast cancer patients, we investigated socioeconomic background (SEB) in relation to (a) stage at diagnosis; (b) treatment pattern; and (c) 5-year survival. Women diagnosed during 1998-2000 and resident in the Northern and Yorkshire regions of England were identified from the cancer registry database(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the incidence of ankle sprains and severe ankle sprains attending accident and emergency (A&E) units; to describe current practice for severe ankle sprains in A&E units in the United Kingdom. METHODS Crude age and sex specific incidence rates were calculated for four health districts from cases ascertained from data on seven A&E(More)
The analysis of time to treatment data and the evaluation of subsequent effects on health outcomes can be complex due to the nature of the data and the relationships amongst the variables. This study proposes an alternative method of analyzing such data using latent class analysis (LCA). The association between time to begin adjuvant chemotherapy after(More)
INTRODUCTION It has previously been reported that patients aged over 65 years account for 15% of Accident and Emergency (A&E) attendances. Despite this, there have been few studies looking at older people's use of A&E. This study describes the A&E attendance patterns of older people, defined as those aged 65 years and over, using data from an NHS region(More)
OBJECTIVES The NHS Plan has a target that no patient should spend longer than 4 hours in Accident and Emergency (A & E) by the end of 2004. The aim of this study is to describe the attendance characteristics of patients spending less than and more than 4 hours total time in A & E. METHODS Data were collected from 10 A & E departments in the West Midlands(More)
The aim of this study was to compare trends in prognostic factors and survival from cutaneous melanoma between 1993 and 2003 in 2 populations with dramatically different underlying incidence rates [Yorkshire, UK, and New South Wales (NSW), Australia] and to look at whether the greater investment in melanoma prevention and early detection in Australia has(More)
PURPOSE This population-level study was conducted to define the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of individuals living with and beyond colorectal cancer (CRC) and to identify factors associated with poor health outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS All individuals diagnosed with CRC in England in 2010 and 2011 who were alive 12 to 36 months after diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer survivors can face significant physical and psychosocial challenges; there is a need to identify and predict which survivors experience what sorts of difficulties. As highlighted in the UK National Cancer Survivorship Initiative, routine post-diagnostic collection of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) is required; to be most(More)