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BACKGROUND Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is surgically challenging. Current endoscopic tools provide an insufficient platform for visualization and manipulation of the surgical target. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a miniature in vivo robot to enhance visualization and provide off-axis dexterous manipulation(More)
Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) bridges the gap between standard endoluminal and extraluminal surgery and, as such, presents unique instrumentation challenges, including lack of stable platforms, loss of spatial orientation, and limited instrument tip maneuverability. The proper instrumentation remains to be established, and the(More)
This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a miniature robot to perform complex, single-incision, minimal access surgery. Instrument positioning and lack of triangulation complicate single-incision laparoscopic surgery, and open surgical procedures are highly invasive. Using minimally invasive techniques with miniature robotic platforms potentially(More)
Advances in endoscopic techniques for abdominal procedures continue to reduce the invasiveness of surgery. Gaining access to the peritoneal cavity through small incisions prompted the first significant shift in general surgery. The complete elimination of external incisions through natural orifice access is potentially the next step in reducing patient(More)
The performance of surgeries through small incisions or natural orifices minimizes the invasiveness to the patient as compared to open procedures. However, the constraints on visual feedback and dexterity limit the scope of these procedures. Recent robotic technologies attempt to mitigate these constraints for flexible endoscopy and laparoscopy. Much of the(More)
Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is potentially the next paradigm shift in minimally invasive surgery. Currently, NOTES procedures are performed using modified endoscopic tools with significant constraints. New tools are necessary that allow the surgeon to better visualize and dexterously manipulate within the surgical environment. In(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of using a multifunctional miniature in vivo robotic platform to perform a single-incision colectomy. Standard laparoscopic techniques require multiple ports. A miniature robotic platform to be inserted completely into the peritoneal cavity through a single incision has been designed and built.(More)
Single-incision surgery provides numerous benefits over traditional open and laparoscopic surgery techniques including reduced pain, shortened recovery times, and minimal tissue scarring. The use of miniature in vivo robots inserted through a single incision offers additional advantages over conventional laparoscopy in improved maneuverability and(More)
Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is the integration of laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery techniques with endoscopic technology. Despite the advances in NOTES technology, the approach presents several unique instrumentation and technique-specific challenges. Current flexible endoscopy platforms for NOTES have several drawbacks(More)
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) reduces patient trauma and shortens recovery time, but also limits the dexterity of the surgeon because degrees of freedom are lost due to the fulcrum effect of the entry incisions. Visual feedback is also limited by the laparoscope, which typically provides two-dimensional feedback and is constrained by the entry incision.(More)