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Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of(More)
OBJECTIVE In their Strategic Impact Goal Statement, the American Heart Association focused on primordial prevention of cardiovascular risk factors by defining metrics for ideal cardiovascular health (ICH). The prevalence of ICH among youth with type 1 diabetes is unknown. Youth with type 1 diabetes face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) as(More)
OBJECTIVE In 2010, the American Heart Association defined seven metrics (smoking, BMI, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting plasma glucose) for ideal cardiovascular health (ICH). Subsequent studies have shown that the prevalence of achieving these metrics is very low in the general population. Adults with type 1 diabetes(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of inflammation in the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in type 1 diabetes is unclear. We examined the association of inflammation and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC)-a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis-in adults with and without type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A nested case-control study was(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid artery calcification can be visualized on panoramic radiographs. Incidental observation of these calcifications could identify patients in need of further screening. The purpose of this study was to validate the assessment and quantification of calcification on panoramic radiographs with the stenosis and the calculated resistive index (RI)(More)
People with type 1 diabetes mellitus manifest a greater burden of both periodontal disease and coronary artery disease (CAD); however, little is known about their interrelation. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) measures subclinical atherosclerosis and predicts major adverse coronary events. The relation between periodontal disease and CAC progression in(More)
  • A C Alman, D R Jacobs, +6 authors J J Carr
  • Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular…
  • 2016
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is located on both sides of the pericardium. We tested whether PAT was associated with prevalent diabetes at the year 25 exam of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. METHODS AND RESULTS The CARDIA Year 25 exam (2010-2011) included complete data for all covariates on 3107(More)
BACKGROUND A number of epidemiologic studies were published that looked at the association between coronary heart disease (CHD) and periodontal disease. However, debate exists about whether this association is a true relationship or simply an example of an uncontrolled confounder. This retrospective cohort study examines the relationship between periodontal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess associations between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and measures of brain health in a population-based sample of adults. METHODS Participants from the CARDIA study (Y25 exam; age 43-55 years) with concurrent computed tomography quantification of liver fat, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and brain magnetic resonance (MR)(More)
The use of small Agatston scores to indicate the presence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) as a marker of atherosclerosis is controversial and may depend on the study population. Two studies found increased associations with all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular events with low CAC (>0 to 10 AU) compared with none; however, the study populations(More)