Amy A Overman

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This study examined the effect of chewing gum on memory when flavor is held constant. Four separate groups of participants (total n=101) completed a word recall task. At learning and recall, participants either chewed a piece of gum or sucked a sweet. Each participant completed the memory task twice, once with abstract words and once with concrete words. A(More)
Malaria infection is known to cause cognitive impairments in children and adults. To date, very little research has investigated the efficacy of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation after cerebral malaria, particularly in adults. The aim of this study was to examine whether computer-based cognitive training can be employed to rehabilitate memory and(More)
This study used a novel experimental paradigm that combined associative recognition and list discrimination to study the associative deficit in older adults' memory (M. Naveh-Benjamin, 2000). Participants viewed 2 lists of word-face pairs and were tested on recognition of pairs from the second study list. Older and young adults' recognition was increased by(More)
Older adults' deficits in memory for context and memory for inter-item associations are often assumed to be related, yet typically are examined in separate experiments. The present study combined associative recognition and list discrimination into a single task with conditions that varied in terms of item, pair, and context information, and independently(More)
Associative memory is considered to be resource-demanding, requiring individuals to learn individual items and the specific relationships between those items. Previous research has shown that prior studying of items aids in associative memory for pairs composed of those same items, as compared to pairs of items that have not been prelearned (e.g., Kilb &(More)
Self-generation of information during memory encoding has large positive effects on subsequent memory for items, but mixed effects on memory for contextual information associated with items. A processing account of generation effects on context memory (Mulligan in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30(4), 838-855, 2004;(More)
When considering hypothetical end-of-life (EOL) scenarios involving 80-year-old intensive-care unit patients, young adults are more likely than older adults to judge that shorter lifespan would be a fair trade in exchange for a more pleasant death. This result has been interpreted in terms of an empathy gap, in which individuals fail to relate to the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of implementing a noncomputerized, game-based, community cognitive health intervention with minority and/or lower socioeconomic status (SES) older adults in order to improve cognitive performance and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS Through partnerships with community(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND/STUDY CONTEXT: This study investigated age-related differences in memory for crime information. Older adults have been found to rely more than young adults on schema- and stereotype-based processing in memory, and such age differences may have implications in the criminal justice system. Some prior research has examined schema-based(More)
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