Amy A. Gelfand

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CONTEXT Infant colic is a common and distressing disorder of early infancy. Its etiology is unknown, making treatment challenging. Several articles have suggested a link to migraine. OBJECTIVE The objective of this article was to perform a systematic review and, if appropriate, a meta-analysis of the studies on the relationship between infant colic and(More)
While most often transient, brachial plexus birth injury can cause permanent neurologic injury. The major risk factors for brachial plexus birth injury are fetal macrosomia and shoulder dystocia. The degree of injury to the brachial plexus should be determined in the neonatal nursery, as those infants with the most severe injury--root avulsion--should be(More)
IMPORTANCE Our understanding of risk factors for childhood stroke is incomplete. In adults, migraine with aura is associated with a two-fold increase in ischemic stroke risk. OBJECTIVE In this cohort study we examine the association between migraine and stroke among children in Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW It is sometimes assumed that children and adolescents with migraine have a psychiatric or behavioral comorbidity, a belief that can be stigmatizing. This review will examine the recent literature addressing this area to determine if pediatric and adolescent migraineurs are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidity and to discuss(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Psychiatric comorbidities are sometimes assumed in children with migraine. The goal of this review is to review the evidence for an association between psychiatric comorbidities and pediatric migraine. RECENT FINDINGS Although depression or anxiety symptom scores may be higher in children with migraine who attend subspecialty clinics,(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a summary of knowledge about the use of melatonin in the treatment of primary headache disorders. BACKGROUND Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland; its production is regulated by the hypothalamus and increases during periods of darkness. METHODS We undertook a narrative review of the literature on the role of melatonin in the(More)
A term baby boy was born by spontaneous vaginal delivery to a 34 year-old G4 P2 to 3 mother. Pregnancy was complicated by insulin-dependent gestational diabetes. There were good fetal movements throughout gestation. Labor was induced for decreased amniotic fluid. The second stage of labor (pushing) lasted for five hours, with mild fetal heart rate(More)
A.A. Gelfand, MD A. Sznewajs, MS H.C. Glass, MDCM A.C. Jelin, MD E.H. Sherr, MD, PhD SECTION 1 A full-term, 3-day-old infant presented to the emergency department with poor feeding, increased work of breathing, and encephalopathy 1 day after having been discharged from the hospital in good health. Pregnancy and labor were uneventful, and birth was by(More)
INTRODUCTION The growing availability of electronic health data provides an opportunity to ascertain diagnosis-specific cases via systematic methods for sample recruitment for clinical research and health services evaluation. We developed and implemented a migraine probability algorithm (MPA) to identify migraine from electronic health records (EHR) in an(More)