Amutha Selvamani

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We previously showed that middle-aged female rats sustain a larger infarct following experimental stroke as compared to younger female rats, and paradoxically, estrogen treatment to the older group is neurotoxic. Plasma and brain insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels decrease with age. However, IGF-1 infusion following stroke, prevents estrogen(More)
Hormone therapy to postmenopausal females increases the risk and severity of ischemic stroke. Our previous work using an animal model of menopause (reproductive senescence) shows that middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) causes a larger cortical-striatal infarct in this older acyclic group compared with younger females. Moreover, although estrogen(More)
While human observational studies and animal studies report a neuroprotective role for estrogen therapy in stroke, the multicenter placebo-controlled Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study concluded that hormone therapy increased the risk for stroke in postmenopausal women. The present study therefore tested the hypothesis that estrogen replacement would(More)
In middle-aged female rats, focal ischemia leads to a larger cortical infarction as compared with younger females. To determine if stroke-induced cytotoxicity in middle-aged females was associated with impaired astrocyte function, astrocytes were harvested and cultured from the ischemic cortex of young and middle-aged female rats. Middle-aged astrocytes(More)
Ischemia-induced cerebral infarction is more severe in older animals as compared to younger animals, and is associated with reduced availability of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1. This study determined the effect of post-stroke IGF-1 treatment, and used microRNA profiling to identify mechanisms underlying IGF-1's neuroprotective actions. Post-stroke ICV(More)
The effect of 5 min of restraint on the time sexually-receptive females spend in the compartment of a sexually active male was examined. Ovariectomized females, hormonally primed with 10 microg estradiol benzoate and 500 microg progesterone (EP) or primed only with estradiol benzoate (EO) were used. After the restraint or home-cage experience, females were(More)
Ovariectomized rats with bilateral cannulae near the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus were hormonally primed with 10 microg estradiol benzoate and 500 microg progesterone. Sexually receptive females were infused bilaterally with 200 ng of the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), or with a combination of 200(More)
Both serotonin (5-HT) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) modulate female rat lordosis behavior and appear to interact in their control of the behavior. The current experiments were designed to investigate the interaction between these two neurotransmitters in sexually receptive female rats. Ovariectomized female rats, with bilateral cannulae directed toward(More)
Significantly extended life expectancy coupled with contemporary sedentary lifestyles and poor nutrition has created a global epidemic of cardiovascular disease and stroke. For women, this issue is complicated by the discrepant outcomes of hormone therapy (HT) for stroke incidence and severity as well as the therapeutic complications for stroke associated(More)
Circadian clock desynchronization has been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors (eg, obesity, diabetes). Thus, we examined the extent to which circadian desynchronization exacerbates ischemic stroke outcomes and whether its detrimental effects on stroke severity and functional impairments are further modified(More)