Amruthesh C Shivachar

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether anandamide induces cannabimimetic responses, mainly mobilization of arachidonic acid, in primary cultures of rat brain cortical astrocytes. Confluent monolayer cultures of astrocytes, prelabeled with [3H]arachidonic acid, were incubated with anandamide or delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) in the(More)
The microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) enzymes exist in a variety of cells and tissues, including liver, kidney, and testis. However, very little is known about brain epoxide hydrolases. Here we report the expression, localization, and subcellular distribution of mEH and sEH in cultured neonatal rat cortical astrocytes by(More)
Cannabinoids have been shown to increase the extracellular levels of glutamate in vivo and in vitro, but no studies have evaluated the possible involvement of glial glutamate reuptake system. The present study investigates whether cannabinoids and endocannabinoid, anandamide have an effect on astroglial excitatory amino acid (EAA) transport. The kinetics of(More)
T he mammalian central nervous system (CNS) has no or very little capacity to selfrepair. Neural tissue transplantation is impractical because it is hard to find a brain donor, and because of the low survival rate of grafted neural cells. Therefore, the need for constructing a functional brain tissue is very critical. In this study, isolated neonatal or(More)
Our previous studies have shown that 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (14,15-EET) is a major product of arachidonic acid metabolism in astrocytes. The purpose of this study was to investigate cellular regulation of 14,15-EET incorporation, distribution, and metabolism in primary cultures of rat brain cortical astrocytes. Incorporation of 14,15-EET into(More)
The effect of 24-h pretreatment with epinephrine (EPI) or norepinephrine (NE) on alpha(2)- and beta-adrenoceptor agonist-induced, cAMP responses and G(i3)alpha-protein expression was studied in primary cultures of rat superior cervical ganglionic (SCG) neurons. SCG neurons, 10 to 12 days in culture, accumulated cAMP when stimulated with the(More)
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