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Computer architects need a deep understanding of clients' workload in order to design and tune the architecture. Unfortunately, many important clients will not share their software to computer architects due to the proprietary or confidential nature of their software. One technique to mitigate this problem is producing synthetic traces (clone) that(More)
Emerging non-volatile memories (NVMs), such as Phase-Change Memory (PCM), Spin-Transfer Torque RAM (STT-RAM) and Memristor, are very promising candidates for replacing NAND-Flash Solid-State Drives (SSDs) and Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) for many reasons. First, their read/write latencies are orders of magnitude faster. Second, some emerging NVMs, such as(More)
Emerging Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) technologies, such as 3D XPoint, are expected to be in production as early as 2016. Emerging NVMs are very attractive for several reasons. First, they are non-volatile and hence incur no refresh power. Second, they are dense and promising for scaling down further. Finally, they are fast and have latencies comparable to(More)
As non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies are expected to replace DRAM in the near future, new challenges have emerged. For example, NVMs have slow and power-consuming writes, and limited write endurance. In addition, NVMs have a data remanence vulnerability, i.e., they retain data for a long time after being powered off. NVM encryption alleviates the(More)
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