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Arsenic is an environmental pollutant and its contamination in the drinking water is considered as a serious worldwide environmental health threat. The chronic arsenic exposure is a cause of immense health distress as it accounts for the increased risk of various disorders such as cardiovascular abnormalities, diabetes mellitus, neurotoxicity, and(More)
BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (AA) is an established antioxidant and has been used for treatment of various disorders. Recent reports suggest that administration of AA increases the level of steroids such as progesterone in the body. The present study investigated the protective role of progesterone against ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury (AKI)(More)
Heart failure, a complex disorder with heterogeneous aetiologies remains one of the most threatening diseases known. It is a clinical syndrome attributable to a multitude of factors that begins with the compensatory response known as hypertrophy, followed by a decompensated state that finally results in heart failure. Given the lack of a unified theory of(More)
Hirudotherapy is a treatment using medicinal leeches. Hirudo medicinali, have been used to treat patients for centuries. In the past, leeches have proved to be an effective treatment for a number of conditions including battle wound treatment. Currently leeches may be used to assist in the treatment of abscesses, arthritis, glaucoma, myasthenia gravis,(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the role of glycine in ischemia reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in rats. The AKI was induced in rats by occluding renal pedicles for 40 min followed by reperfusion for 24 h. The AKI was assessed by measuring creatinine clearance, blood urea nitrogen, plasma uric acid, potassium, fractional(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the major health problems in developed as well as developing countries. The literature regarding the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) and the impact of the modulation of its allosteric sites on renal function is inadequate. The present study investigated the effect of modulating allosteric sites(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D has been reported as renoprotective agents in various studies. Recently, a few in vitro studies highlighted cross talk between vitamin D and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). The present study investigated the activation of PPAR-γ as novel mechanism in vitamin D-mediated protection against ischemia(More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin is released by pineal gland and maintains circadian rhythm in the body. It has been reported as renoprotective agent because of its antioxidant property. Recently, a cross talk between progesterone and melatonin has been observed in various preclinical studies. The present study investigated the involvement of progesterone receptors in(More)
Mast cells originate from pluripotent progenitor cells in bone marrow and are major players in the inflammation process. The involvements of mast cells in various cardiovascular complications such as arrhythmias, ischaemia reperfusion injury and graft rejection are well documented. Moreover, recent studies suggest the involvement of mast cells in cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The present study has been designed to investigate the effect of sodium cromoglycate and ketotifen, mast cell stabilizers in hyperhomocysteinemia-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats. METHODS Rats were administered L-methionine (1.7 g/kg/day PO) for 8 weeks to produce hyperhomocysteinemia. Sodium cromoglycate (24 mg/kg/day IP) and ketotifen(More)