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A simple culture system to achieve the differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells toward hepatocytes with high efficiency is crucial in providing a cell source for the medical application. In this study, we report the effect of a matrix-dependent enrichment of ES cell-derived hepatocytes using immobilized(More)
RNA silencing is often associated with methylation of the target gene. The DNA methylation level of transgenes was investigated in post-transcriptionally silenced or non-silenced Nicotiana benthamiana carrying either the 5' region (200 or 400 bp) or the entire region of the coat protein gene (CP, including the 3' non-translated region) of Sweet potato(More)
Generation of specific lineages of cells from embryonic stem (ES) cells is pre-requisite to use these cells in pre-clinical applications. Here, we developed a recombinant E-cadherin substratum for generation of hepatic progenitor populations at single cell level. This artificial acellular feeder layer supports the stepwise differentiation of ES cells to(More)
We have previously reported the graft transmission of target specificity for RNA silencing using transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana plants expressing the coat protein gene (CP, including the 3' non-translated region) of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus. Transgenic plants carrying the 5' 200 and 400 bp regions of CP were newly produced. From these plants,(More)
A suitable culture condition using advanced biomaterials has the potential to improve stem cell differentiation into selective lineages. In this study, we evaluated the effects of recombinant extracellular matrix (ECM) components on the mouse embryonic stem (mES) and induced pluripotent stem (miPS) cells' self-renewal and differentiation into neural(More)
Mechanical forces have been shown to affect stem cell behavior in a large array of ways. However, our understanding of how these mechanical cues may regulate the behavior of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) remains in its infancy. Here, we aim to clarify the effect of cell scattering on the regulation of Rho family GTPases Rac1 and RhoA as well as paxillin.(More)
In continuing search for effective treatments of cancer, the emerging model aims at efficient intracellular delivery of therapeutics into tumor cells in order to increase the drug concentration. However, the implementation of this strategy suffers from inefficient cellular uptake and drug resistance. Therefore, pH-sensitive nanosystems have recently been(More)
We developed a cell-culture/biosensor platform consisting of aptamer-modified Au electrodes integrated with reconfigurable microfluidics for monitoring of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), an important inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokine. Aptamers were thiolated, labeled with redox reporters, and self-assembled on gold surfaces. The biosensor(More)
Tissue injury triggers complex communication between cells via secreted signaling molecules such as cytokines and growth factors. Discerning when and where these signals begin and how they propagate over time is very challenging with existing cell culture and analysis tools. The goal of this study was to develop new tools in the form of microfluidic(More)
BACKGROUND Rapidly improving protocols for the derivation of autologous cells from stem cell sources is a welcome development. However, there are many circumstances when off-the-shelf universally immunocompatible cells may be needed. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) provide a unique opportunity to modify the original source of differentiated cells to minimize(More)