Amr Y. Esmat

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The hepatoprotective and antimutagenic effects of the rosemary essential oil and the ethanolic extract were investigated using carbon tetrachloride and cyclophosphamide as hepatotoxic and mutagenic compounds, respectively. Our results revealed that i.g. administration of the rosemary ethanolic extract (0.15 g/100 g BW) to rats for 3 weeks produced the most(More)
Treatment of tumor-bearing mice with LD12.5 values of iodoacetate; IAA (1.84 mg/100 g b.w.) and/or dimethylsulphoxide; DMSO (350 mg/100 g b.w.) significantly increased the cumulative mean survival time and percentage of survivors and reduced the mean tumor weight, compared to tumor-bearing controls, however, a more pronounced effect is recorded in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The identification of the active phenolic compounds in the mixed extract of sea cucumber (Holothuria atra) body wall by high-performance liquid chromatography and an assessment of its hepatoprotective activity against thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis in rats. METHODS Female Swiss albino rats were divided into four groups: normal controls;(More)
DNA ploidy and S phase fraction analysis by flow cytometry on breast and ovarian tumor cells continuously exposed to aloin, a natural anthraquinone, at two concentrations (20-60 microg/ml) was done. Untreated breast and ovarian tumor cells (control) showed an aneuploid pattern, with a mean DNA index of 2.10+/-0.10 and S phase fraction of 28.46+/-1.5 and(More)
Determination of total LDH and ALP activities and their isozyme patterns in the sera of normal and tumour-bearing animals treated with aloin, a natural anthraquinone with potential antitumour activity, was carried out at 3, 6 and 9 weeks of treatment. Treatment of normal mice with the MTD of aloin (50 mg/Kg b.w.) showed non-significant changes in serum(More)
This study was designed to investigate the susceptibility of liver and brain tissues, as insulin-independent tissues, of normal adult male rats to the oxidative challenge of subchronic supplementation with chromium picolinate (CrPic) at low (human equivalent) and high doses (2.90 and 13.20 μg Cr kg−1 day−1, respectively). Also, the modulative effect of(More)
In the present study the cytotoxic activity of aloin, a natural anthracycline from Aloe plant, is reported against two human breast cancer cell lines; without (MCF-7) and with (SKBR-3) erbB-2-topoIIalpha coamplification. MCF-7cell line was shown to be more sensitive to aloin than SKBR-3 demonstrated by MTT and clonogenic assays, from which IC50 and 50% ICF(More)
The effects of seven feeding schedules differing only in their Mg and Mn contents on the growth rates and some metabolic aspects of Swiss albino female mice were studied. The animals were placed for 5 weeks on the seven dietary regimens and weighed weekly according to the following scheme: (1) normal diet fed (control) group; (2) Mg-deficient fed group; (3)(More)
In the present study the chemopreventive activities of DFMO, the irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, and finasteride, the inhibitor of prostatic 5a-reductase, against the development of chemically induced prostate adenocarcinoma by methylnitrosourea/testosterone propionate in male Wistar rats were investigated. According to histological(More)
In the present study, the effects of subchronic treatments (4 weeks) of hypercholesterolemic (single) and diabetic-hypercholesterolemic (combined) rats with 4 (3H) quinazolinone and 2 halogenated derivatives (6, 8-dibromo-2-methy-4 (3H) quinazolinone and 6-iodo-2-methyl-4(3H) quinazolinone) at a sublethal dose level (2 mg/Kg) on cholesterol metabolism were(More)