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OBJECT The authors undertook this study to analyze the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in a large consecutive series of children 18 years of age and younger with treatment-resistant epilepsy and compare the safety and efficacy in children under 12 years of age with the outcomes in older children. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 141(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies have reported improved seizure control with increased duration of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) but are prone to methodological biases. We analyzed the efficacy of VNS over time in patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE) who underwent VNS therapy 10 or more years. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 65 consecutive patients (29(More)
BACKGROUND Using the Cyberonics registry, Amar and colleagues reported poorer efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in patients who failed intracranial epilepsy surgery (IES). OBJECTIVE To study the impact of failed IES and other surrogate marker of severe epilepsy on VNS effectiveness in a large cohort with treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE). (More)
OBJECTIVE To review published series describing C1-2 posterior instrumented fusions and summarize clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with screw-rod constructs (SRC). METHODS Online databases were searched for English-language articles published between 1991 and April 2011 describing posterior atlantoaxial instrumentation with C1-2 SRC.(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of vagus nerve stimulation in a consecutive series of adults and children with treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE). METHODS In this retrospective review of a prospectively created database of 436 consecutive patients who underwent vagus nerve stimulator implantation for TRE between(More)
STUDY DESIGN Literature review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES To compare the incidence of screw malposition and vertebral artery injury (VAI) with transarticular screws (TAS) and C2 pedicle screws (C2PS) using meta-analysis techniques. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Posterior instrumentation for atlantoaxial fusions can be challenging and risky. Some centers(More)
OBJECT Reports on resection of tumors in or near eloquent cortices have noted neurological complications in up to 30% of patients. This paper contains an analysis of symptom resolution and neurological morbidity following 20-Gy Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for supratentorial brain metastases < or = 2 cm in greatest diameter. METHODS The authors performed a(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated long-term impact of sustained weight loss versus weight regain on cardiovascular risk factors in real-world clinical practice. METHODS We evaluated 129 obese patients with diabetes enrolled in Weight Achievement and Intensive Treatment (Why WAIT) program, a 12-week clinical model of intensive lifestyle intervention. After 1 year, we(More)
BACKGROUND No guidelines exist regarding external cervical orthoses (ECO) after atlantoaxial fusion. We reviewed published series describing C1-2 posterior instrumented fusions with screw-rod constructs (SRC) or transarticular screws (TAS) and compared rates of fusion with and without postoperative ECO. METHODS Online databases were searched for(More)