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German is a highly inflected language with a large number of words derived from the same root. It makes use of a high degree of word compounding leading to high Out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates, and Language Model (LM) perplexities. For such languages the use of sub-lexical units for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition (LVCSR) becomes a natural(More)
Polish is a synthetic language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio. It makes use of a high degree of inflection leading to high out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates, and high Language Model (LM) perplexities. This poses a challenge for Large Vocabulary and Continuous Speech Recognition (LVCSR) systems. Here, the use of morpheme and syllable based units is(More)
Compound words are a difficulty for German speech recognition systems since they cause high out-of-vocabulary and word error rates. State of the art approaches augment the language model by the fragments of compounds in order to increase lexical coverage, lower the perplexity and out-of-vocabulary rate. The fragments are tagged in order to concatenate(More)
One of the challenges related to large vocabulary Arabic speech recognition is the rich morphology nature of Arabic language which leads to both high out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates and high language model (LM) perplexities. Another challenge is the absence of the short vowels (diacritics) from the Arabic written transcripts which causes a large difference(More)
One of the major difficulties related to German LVCSR is the rich morphology nature of German, leading to high out-of-vocabulary (OOV) rates, and high language model (LM) perplexities. Normally, compound words make up an essential fraction of the German vocabulary. Most compound OOVs are composed of frequent in-vocabulary words. Here, we investigate the use(More)
—The use of Language Models (LMs) is a very important component in large and open vocabulary recognition systems. This paper presents an open-vocabulary approach for Arabic handwriting recognition. The proposed approach makes use of Arabic word decomposition based on morphological analysis. The vocabulary is a combination of words and sub-words obtained by(More)
Egyptian Arabic (EA) is a colloquial version of Arabic. It is a low-resource morphologically rich language that causes problems in Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition (LVCSR). Building LMs on morpheme level is considered a better choice to achieve higher lexical coverage and better LM probabilities. Another approach is to utilize information from(More)
—This paper describes the RWTH system for large vocabulary Arabic handwriting recognition. The recognizer is based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) with state of the art methods for visual/language modeling and decoding. The feature extraction is based on Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) which estimate the posterior distribution over the character labels for(More)