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BACKGROUND Data on first-trimester circulating soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and ischemic placental disease is limited and conflicting. This study aimed to study its physiology in(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm labor is one of major obstetric challenges and can be predicted by cervical length at mid-trimester. In some settings, transvaginal ultrasound is not available and the screening(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-related metabolic complication. Despite optimal glycemic control from self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) in non-insulin-dependent GDM,(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm labor is one of major obstetric challenges and can be predicted by cervical length at mid-trimester. In some settings, transvaginal ultrasound is not available and the screening(More)
INTRODUCTION To define the effects of maternal factors, mean arterial pressure (MAP), placental volume (PV), and uterine artery Doppler pulsatility index (UtAPI) to serum level of free form of(More)