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Interspecific hybrids between S. cerevisiae × S. kudriavzevii have frequently been detected in wine and beer fermentations. Significant physiological differences among parental and hybrid strains under different stress conditions have been evidenced. In this study, we used comparative genome hybridization analysis to evaluate the genome composition of(More)
Using mitochondrial DNA restriction endonuclease analysis, the dynamics of the natural Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains present in spontaneous wine fermentations have been studied. We observed a sequential substitution of Sacch. cerevisiae strains along fermentation agreeing with different fermentation phases. When the restriction pattern's similarity(More)
We analyzed 24 beer strains from different origins by using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of different gene regions, and six new Saccharomyces cerevisiae x Saccharomyces kudriavzevii hybrid strains were found. This is the first time that the presence in brewing of this new type of hybrid has been demonstrated. From the comparative(More)
During the evolution of the different species classified within the Saccharomyces genus, each one has adapted to live in different environments. One of the most important parameters that have influenced the evolution of Saccharomyces species is the temperature. Here we have focused on the study of the ability of certain species as Saccharomyces kudriavzevii(More)
Temperature is one of the most important parameters affecting the length and rate of alcoholic fermentation and final wine quality. Wine produced at low temperature is often considered to have improved sensory qualities. However, there are certain drawbacks to low temperature fermentations such as reduced growth rate, long lag phase, and sluggish or stuck(More)
A rapid method for the extraction of yeast mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is described. The method is based on: preparation of spheroplastis, lysis of the cellular membrane, isopicnic purification of mitochondria, lysis of the mitochondrial membranes, and mtDNA isolation without using CsCl gradient centrifugation. In comparison with previous methods (1, 2), the(More)
mtDNA restriction analysis has been carried out with 45 different commercial Saccharomyces wine yeast strains. The analysis with Hinf I provided unique profiles for 17 of the 45 strains and can therefore be considered as individual strains. Nevertheless, among the remaining 28 strains, only eight mtDNA restriction patterns appeared. These strains were(More)
Comparative transcriptomics and functional studies of different Saccharomyces species have opened up the possibility of studying and understanding new yeast abilities. This is the case of yeast adaptation to stress, in particular the cold stress response, which is especially relevant for the food industry. Since the species Saccharomyces kudriavzevii is(More)
The Saccharomyces genus is the main yeast involved in wine fermentations to play a crucial role in the production and release of aromatic compounds. Despite the several studies done into the genome-wide expression analysis using DNA microarray technology in wine S. cerevisiae strains, this is the first to investigate other species of the Saccharomyces(More)
Yeasts play an important role in the food and beverage industry, especially in products such as bread, wine, and beer, among many others. However, their use as a starter in table olive processing has not yet been studied in detail. The candidate yeast strains should be able to dominate fermentation, together with lactic acid bacteria, but should also(More)