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The identification and classification of yeasts have traditionally been based on morphological, physiological and biochemical traits. Various kits have been developed as rapid systems for yeast identification, but mostly for clinical diagnosis. In recent years, different molecular biology techniques have been developed for yeast identification, but there is(More)
The present study uses a mathematical-empirical approach to estimate the cardinal growth temperature parameters (T(min), the temperature below which growth is no longer observed; T(opt), the temperature at which the μ(max) equals its optimal value; μ(opt), the optimal value of μ(max); and T(max), the temperature above which no growth occurs) of 27 yeast(More)
In this study, we identified a total of 33 wine yeast species and strains using the restriction patterns generated from the region spanning the internal transcribed spacers (ITS 1 and 2) and the 5.8S rRNA gene. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of this rDNA region showed a high length variation for the different species. The size of the PCR products(More)
A rapid method based on mtDNA restriction analysis is described for yeast strain identification. The method is an adaptation of that devised by Querol et a]. [Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15 (1992) 439] for Saccharomyces cerevisiae wine strains, and consists of the standard miniprep isolation of yeast total DNA, and the use of restriction endonucleases that(More)
Natural strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are prototrophic homothallic yeasts that sporulate poorly, are often heterozygous, and may be aneuploid. This genomic constitution may confer selective advantages in some environments. Different mechanisms of recombination, such as meiosis or mitotic rearrangement of chromosomes, have been proposed for wine(More)
We have investigated the unusual import pathway of cytochrome c oxidase subunit Va (COXVa) into the yeast mitochondrial inner membrane by use of mutants that lack import receptors or are defective in matrix hsp70. (i) Mitochondria lacking the receptor MOM72 are not impaired in import of COXVa. Mitochondria lacking the main receptor MOM19 are moderately(More)
Two isolates of spoilage yeasts Zygosaccharomyces bailii and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii were obtained from a high sugar environment, in a factory producing candied fruit and nougat. Other strains, Z. bailii from other environments and other isolates from high sugar/salt environments were obtained for comparison (Zygosaccharomyces lentus, Candida magnoliae,(More)
Table olives are a traditional fermented vegetable of the Mediterranean countries, but their production and consumption are now spread all around the world. Yeasts can play a double role in this food. They are present throughout the fermentative process and it is generally accepted that they can produce compounds with important organoleptic attributes(More)
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in identifying and characterizing the yeast populations associated with diverse types of table olive elaborations because of the many desirable technological properties of these microorganisms. In this work, a total of 199 yeast isolates were directly obtained from industrial green table olive(More)
Along the fermentation process yeasts are affected by a succession of stress conditions that affect their viability and fermentation efficiency. Among the stress conditions the most relevant are high sugar concentration and low pH in musts, temperature and, as fermentation progresses, ethanol accumulation. Nowadays, due to the demanding nature of modern(More)