Amparo Gimeno

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BACKGROUND Glutathione is considered essential for survival in mammalian cells and yeast but not in prokaryotic cells. The presence of a nuclear pool of glutathione has been demonstrated but its role in cellular proliferation and differentiation is still a matter of debate. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We have studied proliferation of 3T3 fibroblasts for a period(More)
Several clinical trials have revealed that individuals who were given beta-carotene and vitamin A did not have a reduced risk of cancer compared to those given placebo; rather, vitamin A could actually have caused an adverse effect in the lungs of smokers [Omenn, G.S., Goodman, G.E., Thornquist, M.D., Balmes, J., Cullen, M.R., Glass, A., Keogh, J.P.,(More)
AIMS Here we report that chromatin, the complex and dynamic eukaryotic DNA packaging structure, is able to sense cellular redox changes. Histone H3, the only nucleosomal protein that possesses cysteine(s), can be modified by glutathione (GSH). RESULTS Using Biotin labeled glutathione ethyl ester (BioGEE) treatment of nucleosomes in vitro, we show that(More)
Cells with high proliferation rate have high glutathione levels. This typical feature of cancer cells is viewed usually as a defence mechanism against ionizing radiation or chemotherapy. Efforts have been made in order to decrease cellular glutathione levels in tumours as a necessary pre-treatment for cancer therapy. However, very few reports have(More)
The treatment of human fibroblasts with different tocopherols in the presence of retinol caused an increase in cytoplasmic retinoic acid binding protein II (CRABP-II) mRNA and protein. The possibility of an involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in the response to tocopherols was supported by the results obtained with the PKC-specific inhibitors, calphostin(More)
Zaragozá R, Gimeno A, Miralles VJ, Garcı́a-Trevijano ER, Carmena R, Garcı́a C, Mata M, Puertes IR, Torres L, Viña JR. Retinoids induce MMP-9 expression through RAR during mammary gland remodeling. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292: E1140–E1148, 2007. First published December 12, 2006; doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00463.2006.— Retinoic acid (RA) is a signaling(More)
We have investigated the dose (in the range of microM) and time-dependent effects of four different retinoids (retinol, retinal, retinoic acid and retinol palmitate) on human dermal fibroblasts cultivated in vitro. Retinol and retinal, at a concentration of 20 microM, caused cell damage as evaluated by lactate dehydrogenase activity released into the(More)
Down Syndrome is the most common chromosomal disease and is also known for its decreased incidence of solid tumors and its progeroid phenotype. Cellular and systemic oxidative stress has been considered as one of the Down Syndrome phenotype causes. We correlated, in a preliminary study, the fibroblast proliferation rate and different cell proliferation key(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is a mitochondrial rare disease, which molecular origin is associated with defect in the expression of frataxin. The pathological consequences are degeneration of nervous system structures and cardiomyopathy with necrosis and fibrosis, among others. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using FRDA fibroblasts we have characterized the(More)
The predominant X-linked form of Dyskeratosis congenita results from mutations in DKC1, which encodes dyskerin, a protein required for ribosomal RNA modification that is also a component of the telomerase complex. We have previously found that expression of an internal fragment of dyskerin (GSE24.2) rescues telomerase activity in X-linked dyskeratosis(More)