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The subclass of cysteine proteases termed lysosomal cathepsins has long been thought to be primarily involved in end-stage protein breakdown within lysosomal compartments. Furthermore, few specific protein substrates for these proteases have been identified. We show here that cathepsin L functions in the regulation of cell cycle progression through(More)
A novel human connexin gene (GJA11) was cloned from a genomic library. The open reading frame encoded a hypothetical protein of 294 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 31,933, hence referred to as connexin-31.9 (Cx31.9) or alpha 11 connexin. A clone in GenBank containing the Cx31.9 gene localized to chromosome 17q21.2. Northern analysis(More)
Cysteine proteases of Plasmodium falciparum are required for survival of the malaria parasite, yet their specific cellular functions remain unclear. We used a chemical proteomic screen with a small-molecule probe to characterize the predominant cysteine proteases throughout the parasite life cycle. Only one protease, falcipain 1, was active during the(More)
Disruption of the connexin alpha 3 (Cx46) gene (alpha 3 (-/-)) in mice results in severe cataracts within the nuclear portion of the lens. These cataracts are associated with proteolytic processing of the abundant lens protein gamma-crystallin, leading to its aggregation and subsequent opacification of the lens. The general cysteine protease inhibitor,(More)
With the availability of complete genome sequences, emphasis has shifted toward the understanding of protein function. We have developed a functional proteomic methodology that makes use of chemically reactive fluorescent probes to profile and identify enzymes in complex mixtures by virtue of their catalytic activity. This methodology allows a comparison of(More)
Classifying proteins into functionally distinct families based only on primary sequence information remains a difficult task. We describe here a method to generate a large data set of small molecule affinity fingerprints for a group of closely related enzymes, the papain family of cysteine proteases. Binding data was generated for a library of inhibitors(More)
Unraveling the functional roles of proteins is a major challenge facing the postgenome researcher. Advances towards this goal have been made through the development of both chemical and biochemical tools for monitoring protein activity. Recently, a myriad of fluorescence-based imaging tools have emerged for in vitro, in vivo and whole animal applications.(More)
Lens connexins α3Cx46 and α8Cx50 interact with zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1). Connexin ␣1Cx43 has previously been shown to bind to the PDZ domain– containing protein ZO-1. The similarity of the carboxyl termini of this connexin and the lens fiber connexins ␣3Cx46 and ␣8Cx50 suggested that these connexins may also interact with ZO-1. ZO-1 was shown to be(More)
Genes that have been designated the name "MUC" code for proteins comprising mucin domains. These proteins may be involved in barrier and protective functions. The first such gene to be characterized and sequenced is the MUC1 gene. Here we report a novel small protein derived from the MUC1 gene by alternative splicing that does not contain the hallmark of(More)
A series of diphenylphosphonate-based probes were developed for the trypsin-like serine proteases. These probes selectively target serine proteases rather than general serine hydrolases that are targets for fluorophosphonate-based probes. This increased selectivity allows detection of low abundance serine proteases in complex proteomes using simple SDS-PAGE(More)