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OBJECTIVE Many controversies exist regarding the extent of resection for insular gliomas and the timing of resection. Several techniques and adjuncts are used to maximize safety during resection of these tumors. We describe the use of indocyanine green (ICG) to identify the branches of the middle cerebral artery and discuss its utility to increase safety(More)
A 22-year-old female, a known case of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), presented with a congenital swelling in the left occipital region. She had developed recent onset dysphagia and localized occipital headache. Neuroradiology revealed a left occipital meningoencephalocele and a left parapharyngeal meningocele. This was associated with ventriculomegaly. She was(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors present reports of 2 cases in which there was manifest atlantoaxial instability and presence of retro-odontoid pseudotumor. The retro-odontoid tumor disappeared in the immediate postoperative phase after surgery, which involved facetal distraction and atlantoaxial fixation. The cases are discussed. Although regression of the(More)
OBJECTIVE We discuss the role of instability of multiple segments of spine that includes atlantoaxial joint in pathogenesis of cervical kyphotic deformity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Two male patients (5 and 17 year old) had severe cervical kyphosis and presented with symptoms related to myelopathy. The patients underwent multi-segmental spinal distraction and(More)
BACKGROUNDS The role of subaxial and atlantoaxial instability in the pathogenesis of "degeneration"-related cervical kyphosis is evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS During the period 2013-2016, the authors treated 21 patients having cervical kyphosis that was related to degenerative spinal disease. The patients presented with symptoms related to cervical(More)
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