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Kalman filter is a well-known technique for optimal state estimation and is widely used for its applicability in different fields. Different derivatives of Kalman filter have been proposed in the past to consider the non-linear aspects of system and measurement model. However, these estimation techniques require precise tuning of process and measurement(More)
The paper presents a novel encoding scheme for neuronal code generation for odour recognition using an electronic nose (EN). This scheme is based on channel encoding using multiple Gaussian receptive fields superimposed over the temporal EN responses. The encoded data is further applied to a spiking neural network (SNN) for pattern classification. Two forms(More)
Solar energy is abundant and renewable in nature. The maximum power point tracking (MPPT) system controls the voltage and the current output of the PV system to deliver maximum power to the load. Present work deals with real time simulation and comparative analysis of perturb and observe, incremental conductance, fuzzy logic, neural network and adaptive(More)
Surface electromyography is the technique for measuring levels of muscle activity. When a muscle contracts, electrical activity generated as action potentials propagate along the muscle fibers. There are two types of Surface EMG (SEMG)-Static scanning SEMG and Dynamic SEMG. In Dynamic SEMG, electrodes are attached to the skin and muscle activity is measured(More)
This study presents an automated, easy to use, cost-effective, patient-friendly, active marker based gait measurement (GM) system for 2-D tracking and extraction of spatio-temporal parameters of human gait. Active markers, consisting of visible light-emitting diodes (LEDs), were positioned at anatomical landmarks to measure coordinated kinematics of human(More)
Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique with improved current feedback has been proposed for solar photo-voltaic system in this work. A proportional integral derivative (PID) type controller with online set-point adjustment has been designed. The parameters of PID controller have been tuned using relay tuning method. Performance of this technique has(More)