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Nucleus-independent chemical shifts (NICS) have been used extensively for the identification of aromaticity properties of molecules, ions, intermediates, and transition states since their introduction in 1996 by Schleyer et al. Initially, probes (bq's) were placed at the centers of systems (NICS(0)) and later, 1A above the molecular planes (NICS(1)).(More)
The reactivity of the double-stranded hydrocarbon cycle with two ether bridges (1) toward iodotrimethylsilane (TMSI) was investigated in some detail. The carbon skeleton of cycle 1 resembles the belt region of a C84 fullerene which makes it a potential precursor to the long sought after fully aromatic derivative. Upon exposure to TMSI, cycle 1 undergoes a(More)
[structure: see text] The parent and dipropyl-substituted anti (1a,b) and syn doublebent (2a,b) [5]phenylenes have been assembled by CpCo-catalyzed double cyclization of regiospecifically constructed appropriate hexaynes. (1)H NMR, NICS, and an X-ray structural analysis of 1a reflect the aromatizing effect of double angular fusion on the central ring of the(More)
Localized benzene derivatives can be separated into two classes, one that retains large diamagnetic ring currents and a second that loses the diamagnetic ring current. Energetic criteria and NICS scan are used to evaluate the nature of the two classes. Hückel-type treatment, MO analysis, and comparison to model compounds suggest that there is no connection(More)
This review describes the current state of magnetic criteria of aromaticity. The introduction contains the fundamentals of ring currents in aromatic and antiaromatic systems, followed by a brief description of experimental and computational tools: NMR, diamagnetic susceptibility exaltation, current density analyses (CDA) and nucleus independent chemical(More)
[reaction: see text] The total synthesis of C(3)(h)-symmetric [7]phenylene has been accomplished by triple cobalt-catalyzed cycloisomerization of an appropriate nonayne. Its spectral data are in accord with the expectations for a triply angularly fused system, but its calculated heat of formation suggests the presence of a destabilizing sigma effect(More)
A symmetrical tetraazaacene incorporating a central cyclobutadiene ring was calculated in different oxidation (hydrogenation) states, displaying different tautomers and conformers. Geometries, thermodynamics, and electronic properties were computed, and the aromaticity of all these species was calculated on a per ring basis by NICS-scans and NICS-X-scans.(More)